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Increased numbers of activated macrophages are associated with mild endometriosis. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a protein produced by macrophages and is believed to be a primary mediator of host responses. IL-1 induces prostaglandin and fibrinogen synthesis and stimulates fibroblast proliferation. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of IL-1 in the(More)
  • G Holtz
  • 1987
Fifteen women weighing more than 250 pounds (113.6 kg) underwent laparoscopy. The open technique was used in two patients electively because of repeated pelvic laparotomies through periumbilical incisions. Of the remainder, four had used the closed technique and in nine it was necessary to adopt an open technique. Use of the latter effectively "lengthened"(More)
The fertilization rates of mature oocytes during in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) using fetal cord serum-supplemented insemination media were greater than or equal to 57% for five infertile couples without sperm antibodies (group 1). But they were less than or equal to 50% for four of nine infertile couples (group 2) with cytotoxic sperm(More)
Coded serum samples from 11 normal fertile men and 17 fertile women without endometriosis (control groups) and 41 women with endometriosis were tested blindly for the presence of endometrial antibodies by use of a passive hemagglutination assay. Endometrial antibodies were either absent or present in low baseline titers in the serum samples from the control(More)
To assess whether or not immunologic factors in husbands, wives, or both, influence the motility of sperm in the female reproductive tract, hemagglutination and cytotoxicity sperm antibody (Ab) assays and postcoital tests (PCTs) were performed in 293 infertile couples. More couples without male autoimmunity to sperm (64% of 66; P less than 0.001) had(More)
Two cases of paraneoplastic hypercalcemia secondary to ovarian tumors are presented. Both cases were secondary to ectopic parathormone (PTH) production. Other mediators postulated to cause this syndrome are prostaglandins, vitamin D-like sterols, non-vitamin D sterols, vitamin A, cortisol, and "osteoclast-activating factor.' The key treatment modalities for(More)
We have described a 28-year-old diabetic woman who had necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum three years after receiving a living related renal transplant. The diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis was made early and she was referred to a tertiary care center where she received radical perineal debridement and aggressive medical and surgical follow-up.(More)