Gernot Herrmann

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We present a method to determine the location and extent of protein binding regions in nucleic acids by computer-assisted analysis of sequence data. The program ConsIndex establishes a library of consensus descriptions based on sequence sets containing known regulatory elements. These defined consensus descriptions are used by the program ConsInspector to(More)
The skin is increasingly exposed to ambient UV-irradiation thus increasing its risk for photooxidative damage with longterm detrimental effects like photoaging, which is characterized by wrinkles, loss of skin tone, and resilience. Photoaged skin displays prominent alterations in the cellular component and the extracellular matrix of the connective tissue(More)
UVA irradiation leads to photoaging including clinical features such as wrinkle formation, reduced recoil capacity and blister formation of the skin. Besides synthesis of the extracellular matrix, its regulated degradation by various matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) determines the amount and the composition of the extracellular matrix within the dermis and(More)
Encapsulation is thought to be a critical virulence factor of Streptococcus suis. In the present study two capsular type 2 mutants of S. suis (M42 and M2) and their S. suis parent strain (89-1591) were further characterized. All three cultures reacted with group D specific antiserum whereas parent strain 89-1591 and mutant M42 but not mutant M2 reacted with(More)
The ligation of DNA double-strand breaks in the process of non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) is accomplished by a heterodimeric enzyme complex consisting of DNA ligase IV and an associated non-catalytic factor. This DNA ligase also accounts for the fatal joining of unprotected telomere ends. Hence, its activity must be tightly controlled. Here, we describe(More)
Ultraviolet A (UVA), the long wavelength part of the sun's ultraviolet radiation, elicits its harmful effects through production of reactive oxygen species. In this study, we have tested the hypothesis that the mitochondrial electron transport chain, the main source of reactive oxygen species in cells, importantly contributes to UVA-induced cell damage.(More)
Premature aging of the skin is a prominent side effect of psoralen photoactivation, a treatment used widely for various skin disorders. The molecular mechanisms underlying premature aging upon psoralen photoactivation are as yet unknown. Here we show that treatment of fibroblasts with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and subsequent ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation(More)
The wavelength dependence for the regulation of two major matrix-metalloproteinases, interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) and stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), and their major inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1), was studied in human dermal fibroblasts in vitro. Monochromatic irradiation at 302, 307, 312 and 317 nm with intensities ranging from 20(More)
Cellular senescence is a phenotype that is likely linked with aging. Recent concepts view different forms of senescence as permanently maintained DNA damage responses partially characterized by the presence of senescence-associated DNA damage foci at dysfunctional telomeres. Irradiation of primary human dermal fibroblasts with the photosensitizer(More)