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Repeated stimulus presentation (priming) is generally associated with a reduction in neuronal firing, macroscopically mirrored by a decrease in oscillatory electrophysiological markers as well as reduced hemodynamic responses. However, these repetition effects seem to be dependent on stimulus familiarity. We investigate the spatiotemporal correlates of(More)
The increase of induced gamma-band responses (iGBRs; oscillations >30 Hz) elicited by familiar (meaningful) objects is well established in electroencephalogram (EEG) research. This frequency-specific change at distinct locations is thought to indicate the dynamic formation of local neuronal assemblies during the activation of cortical object(More)
Currently, almost all brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) ignore the relationship between phases of electroencephalographic signals detected from different recording sites (i.e., electrodes). The vast majority of BCI systems rely on feature vectors derived from e.g., bandpower or univariate adaptive autoregressive (AAR) parameters. However, ample evidence(More)
Methods of spatio-temporal analysis provide important tools for characterizing several dynamic aspects of brain oscillations that are reflected in the human scalp-detected electroencephalogram (EEG). The search to identify the dynamic connectivity of brain signals within different frequency bands, in order to uncover the transient cooperation between(More)
Intrinsic cortical dynamics modulates the processing of sensory information and therefore may be critical for conscious perception. We tested this hypothesis by electroencephalographic recording of ongoing and stimulus-related brain activity during stepwise drug-induced loss of consciousness in healthy human volunteers. We found that progressive loss of(More)
In this study, we applied partial-directed EEG-coherence analysis to assess regional changes in neuronal couplings and information transfer related to semantic processing. We tested the hypothesis whether (and which) processing differences between spoken words and pseudowords are reflected by changes in cortical networks within the time window of a specific(More)
We used a combined repetition/conceptual priming task to investigate attenuations of induced gamma-band activity (iGBA) due to prior experience. We hypothesized that distinguishable iGBA suppression effects can be related to the processing of (a) perceptual aspects, and (b) conceptual aspects of cortical object representations. Participants were asked to(More)
To characterize the regional changes in neuronal couplings and information transfer related to semantic aspects of object recognition in humans we used partial-directed EEG-coherence analysis (PDC). We examined the differences of processing recognizable and unrecognizable pictures as reflected by changes in cortical networks within the time-window of a(More)
The <1Hz slow oscillation (SO) and spindles are hallmarks of mammalian non-rapid eye movement and slow wave sleep. Spindle activity occurring phase-locked to the SO is considered a candidate mediator of memory consolidation during sleep. We used source localization of magnetoencephalographic (MEG) and electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings from 11(More)
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