Gernot Achatz

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The two moulds, Alternaria alternata and Cladosporium herbarum, are recognized as major causes of fungal allergies. Cloning, sequencing and heterologous expression of the allergens of the two moulds is a necessary step in understanding fungal allergy and in the development of new and improved methods of diagnosis and therapy. The seven new mould allergens(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested inverse associations between allergic diseases and malignancies. As a proof of concept for the capability of immunoglobulin E (IgE) to destruct tumor cells, several experimental strategies have evolved to specifically target this antibody class towards relevant tumor antigens. It could be demonstrated that IgE(More)
B cells use immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgD as antigen receptors, but after contact with antigen they can switch and use IgG, IgA, or IgE. In mice lacking the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of IgE, serum IgE is reduced by more than 95 percent and, after immunization, specific responses are negligible. In mice lacking most of the cytoplasmic tail of(More)
The closely related proteins prohibitin (p32) and prohibitone (p37) are evolutionarily conserved with homologues found from cyanobacteria to man. They are thought to be exclusively mitochondrial and have been assigned many-rather different-functions, ranging from a role in lifespan, in mitochondrial inheritance and as chaperones of mitochondrial proteases(More)
BACKGROUND For many years, fungal spores have been recognized as potential causes of respiratory allergies. All fungal allergens cloned so far represent either secreted or cytoplasmatic proteins, but nothing is known about the involvement of fungal surface proteins in allergic diseases. METHODS A phage surface displayed cDNA-library from the mould(More)
Previously, defined naturally occurring isoforms of allergenic proteins were classified as hypoallergens and therefore suggested as an agent for immunotherapy in the future. In this paper, we report for the first time the molecular background of hypoallergenicity by comparing the immunological behavior of hyperallergenic Betula verrucosa major Ag 1a (Bet v(More)
BACKGROUND Lack of knowledge of the identity of fungal allergens still is a major obstacle for improvement of diagnosis and therapy of allergies to moulds. We have therefore further analyzed the allergens of the two moulds, Alternaria alternata and Cladosporium herbarum and found that enolases (EC 4.2.1.11) are major allergens, at least of the two fungal(More)
BACKGROUND Several alternative mechanisms have been proposed to explain why some proteins are able to induce a T(H)2-biased and IgE-mediated immune response. These include specific interactions with receptors of the innate immune system, proteolytic activities, allergen-associated carbohydrate structures, and intrinsic structural determinants. OBJECTIVES(More)
The initiation and maintenance of a malignant phenotype requires complex and synergistic interactions of multiple oncogenic signals. The Hedgehog (HH)/GLI pathway has been implicated in a variety of cancer entities and targeted pathway inhibition is of therapeutic relevance. Signal cross-talk with other cancer pathways including PI3K/AKT modulates HH/GLI(More)