Germie P. J. M. van den Dobbelsteen

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Exposure to synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs) or other stimuli around birth may affect neuroendocrine and immune responsiveness in the offspring. Experiments were conducted to investigate whether maternal manipulation with saline or with GCs alters the corticosterone (CORT) response to a mild stressor in the offspring, and whether maternal manipulation(More)
BACKGROUND An improved nonavalent PorA native outer membrane vesicle vaccine was developed with intrinsic adjuvating activity due to presence of less-toxic (lpxL1) LPS. In the present study, the safety and immunogenicity of this next-generation NonaMen vaccine were evaluated following repeated vaccination in rabbits and mice. METHODS A repeated-dose(More)
The cost-effectiveness of one time vaccination of all persons aged 14 months to 18 years (catch-up programme) and of routine childhood immunisation at either ages 2 + 3 + 4 months, 5 + 6 months, or 14 months with a meningococcal C conjugate vaccine was estimated for The Netherlands, from a societal and a health care payer perspective. A decision analysis(More)
BACKGROUND The first meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) conjugate vaccine was licensed in 1999 and introduced in the United Kingdom. Countries that have implemented the MenC vaccine since then in their national immunisation programmes use different schedules. Nevertheless, all involved countries seem to experience substantial declines in the incidence of MenC(More)
The immunogenicity of two types of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugates (PS6BTT and PS14TT) was evaluated in mice. Both conjugates induced high titres of high avidity type-specific anti-PS IgG, which include all IgG isotypes except IgG2a. Repeated immunization resulted in booster responses in both cases. The antibodies(More)
A clinical phase II trial with an experimental hexavalent outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccine (HexaMen) containing six different porin A (PorAs) was carried out in toddlers (2-3 years) and schoolchildren (7-8 years) in The Netherlands. HexaMen exists of two OMVs each containing three different PorA types. The serum bactericidal activity (SBA) after(More)
Pneumolysin (PLY), a toxin synthesized by Streptococcus pneumoniae, is an important virulence factor in pneumococcal disease. This study evaluated the effects of PLY in lungs of mice. Intranasal inoculation with PLY was associated with a dose-dependent influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and increased(More)
Pertussis has recently re-emerged in well-vaccinated populations most likely due to a combination of pathogen adaptation and waning of vaccine-induced pertussis immunity. Changes in genomic content of the etiologic agent, Bordetella pertussis, observed in the postvaccination era can have a bearing on the efficacy of vaccines currently in use. Moreover,(More)
To study the reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a hexavalent meningococcal outer-membrane-vesicle vaccine (OMV), two different dosages of this vaccine (7.5 and 15 microg of individual PorA proteins) consisting of vesicles expressing class 1 outer-membrane proteins (OMPs) of subtypes P1.7,16; P1.5,2; P1.19,15 and P1.5(c), 10; P1.12,13; P1.7(h),4 were(More)
Neisseria meningitidis secretes a protease that specifically cleaves the hinge region of immunoglobulin A1 (IgA1), releasing the effector (Fc) domain of IgA1 from the antigen binding (Fab) determinants. Theoretically, the remaining Fab fragments can block pathogen receptors or toxins and still provide protection. Here, we describe binding of V-gene-matched(More)