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Stim1 and Orai1 are ubiquitous proteins that have long been known to mediate Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) current (ICRAC) and store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) only in non-excitable cells. SOCE is activated following the depletion of the endogenous Ca(2+) stores, which are mainly located within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), to replete the(More)
Effects of short-term repeated blood sampling on the secretion of corticosterone (CORT) and beta-endorphin (beta-END) were evaluated in male Wistar rats. Blood was drawn from the tail vein of conscious rats four times within 2 h both at the peak and trough period of the diurnal corticosterone secretion cycle. All rats were well accustomed to the procedure.(More)
The aim of this study has been to visualize the aqueous outflow system in patients affected by primary open angle glaucoma. A solution of indocyanine green (ICG) plus high viscosity viscoelastic solution was injected into the Schlemm canal during surgery in 10 glaucomatous patients undergoing canaloplasty. Soon after injection of the dye the borders of the(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may be recruited from bone marrow to sustain tumor vascularisation and promote the metastatic switch. Understanding the molecular mechanisms driving EPC proliferation and tubulogenesis could outline novel targets for alternative anti-angiogenic treatments. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), which is activated(More)
Endothelial injury is the primary event that leads to a variety of severe vascular disorders. Mechanical injury elicits a Ca(2+) response in the endothelium of excised rat aorta, which comprises an initial Ca(2+) release from inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3))-sensitive stores followed by a long-lasting decay phase due to Ca(2+) entry through uncoupled(More)
The human formyl-peptide receptor (FPR) and its variants FPRL1 and FPRL2 belong to the G-protein coupled seven transmembrane receptor (GPCR) family sensitive to pertussis toxin. FPR and FPRL1 were first detected in phagocytic leukocytes, and FPRL2 was found in monocytes and in dendritic cells. The three receptors were subsequently identified in other cell(More)
2+ signals to rejuvenate the repairative phenotype of senescent endothelial progenitor cells in elderly patients affected by cardiovascular diseases: a useful therapeutic support of surgical approach? Abstract Endothelial dysfunction or loss is the early event that leads to a host of severe cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, hypertension,(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in the frequency of circulating endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), the only subset of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) truly belonging to the endothelial phenotype, occurs in patients affected by primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Herein, they might contribute to the enhanced neovascularisation of fibrotic bone marrow and spleen.(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven transmembrane-spanning proteins belonging to a large family of cell-surface receptors involved in many intracellular signaling cascades. Despite GPCRs lack intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity, tyrosine phosphorylation of a tyrosine kinase receptor (RTK) occurs in response to binding of specific agonists of(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide is key to endothelial regeneration, but it is still unknown whether endothelial cell (EC) loss results in an increase in NO levels at the wound edge. We have already shown that endothelial damage induces a long-lasting Ca²⁺ entry into surviving cells though connexin hemichannels (CxHcs) uncoupled from their counterparts on ruptured(More)