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The present essay concisely analyses the contemporary neurobiological debate concerning the hypothesis of the "temporal correlation" advanced to solve the perceptual problem of linking different features in a unitary object or visual scene. Although fascinating and grounded on simulations and brain models, in addition to important electrophysiological… (More)
This article aims at illustrating the historical circumstances that led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on resting current in muscle and nerve fibers. It was a truly paradigm shift in research into bioelectrical phenomena, if qualified by the observation that, besides Bernstein, many other electrophysiologists between 1890 and 1902… (More)
In 1905 the Cambridge physiologist Keith Lucas extended the "all-or-none" principle (introduced by H. P. Bowditch for the cardiac tissue) to skeletal muscle and nerve fibres. Nevertheless, in a short time it was clear that nerve fibres obey this law, but also that frequency of discharge is another relevant factor in the nervous conduction.
This paper aims at illustrating the historical circumstances which led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on resting current in muscle and nerve fibers. It was a truly paradigm shift in research into bioelectrical phenomena, if qualified by the observation that, besides Bernstein, many other electrophysiologists between 1890 and 1902… (More)
Hyperkinetic ventricular arrhythmia being the main cause of electrical destabilization and hence fatal tachy-arrhythmias, we have studied, by Holter test, the prevalence of these arrhythmias in ambulatory non-professional athletes and compared it with a homogeneous group of sedentary subjects in order to evaluate if sports, even if not in athletic… (More)
In the 19th century progress in communication systems induced Hermann von Helmholtz and Emil du Bois-Reymond to compare nervous fibres to telegraph wires aiming to familiarize the neural net already independently described. Owing to neurophysiological developments, this metaphorical way of speaking collapsed. In the 1820's Edgar Adrian chose the Morse code,… (More)
The article aims at illustrating the contribution of German and British scientists to the origin and the transmission of the nervous impulses. The debate originated at a time when physiologists tried to ascertain whether the stimulation wave is concomitant with the nervous impulse.