Germana Meroni

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A functional genomic approach, based on systematic data gathering, was used to characterize a family of proteins containing a tripartite motif (TRIM). A total of 37 TRIM genes/proteins were studied, 21 of which were novel. The results demonstrate that TRIM proteins share a common function: by means of homo-multimerization they identify specific cell(More)
The TRIM/RBCC proteins are defined by the presence of the tripartite motif composed of a RING domain, one or two B-box motifs and a coiled-coil region. These proteins are involved in a plethora of cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell cycle regulation and viral response. Consistently, their alteration results in many diverse pathological conditions.(More)
The TRIM family is composed of multi-domain proteins that display the Tripartite Motif (RING, B-box and Coiled-coil) that can be associated with a C-terminal domain. TRIM genes are involved in ubiquitylation and are implicated in a variety of human pathologies, from Mendelian inherited disorders to cancer, and are also involved in cellular response to viral(More)
An obligatory crossing-over event between the X and Y chromosomes in mammals occurs at each male meiosis within the 2.6 Mb of DNA defining the pseudoautosomal region (PAR). Genes located within or near the human PAR have homologous copies on the X and Y chromosomes, escape X inactivation and appear to be highly divergent throughout evolution. We have(More)
Opitz syndrome (OS) is a multiple congenital anomaly manifested by abnormal closure of midline structures. The gene responsible for the X-linked form of this disease, MID1, encodes a protein (midin) that contains a RING, two B-boxes, a coiled-coil (the so-called tripartite motif) and an RFP-like domain. The tripartite motif is characteristic of a family of(More)
Opitz syndrome (OS) is a human genetic disease characterized by deformities such as cleft palate that are attributable to defects in embryonic development at the midline. Gene mapping has identified OS mutations within a protein called Mid1. Wild-type Mid1 predominantly colocalizes with microtubules, in contrast to mutant versions of Mid1 that appear(More)
The Myc proto-oncogene family members have been identified as the cellular homologs of the transforming oncogene of avian retroviruses. They encode central regulators of mammalian cell proliferation and apoptosis, and they associate with the bHLHZip protein Max to bind specific DNA sequences and regulate the expression of genes important for cell cycle(More)
Mutations in the MID1 gene are responsible for the X-linked form of Opitz G/BBB syndrome (OS), a disorder that affects the development of midline structures. OS is characterized by hypertelorism, hypospadias, laryngo-tracheo-esophageal (LTE) abnormalities, and additional midline defects. Cardiac, anal, and neurological defects are also present. The(More)
X-linked recessive chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX) is a congenital defect of bone and cartilage development characterized by aberrant bone mineralization, severe underdevelopment of nasal cartilage, and distal phalangeal hypoplasia. A virtually identical phenotype is observed in the warfarin embryopathy, which is due to the teratogenic effects of coumarin(More)
During the past few years, molecular analyses have provided important insights into the biochemistry and genetics of the sulfatase family of enzymes, identifying the molecular bases of inherited diseases caused by sulfatase deficiencies. New members of the sulfatase gene family have been identified in man and other species using a genomic approach. These(More)