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Previous studies have linked action recognition with a particular pool of neurons located in the ventral premotor cortex, the posterior parietal cortex and the superior temporal sulcus (the mirror neuron system). However, it is still unclear if transitive and intransitive gestures share the same neural substrates during action-recognition processes. In the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Experimental studies have shown that luminal bacteria may be involved in Crohn's disease. Probiotics are a possible alternative to antibiotics. The aim of this randomised placebo controlled study was to determine if Lactobacillus GG, given by mouth for one year, could prevent Crohn's recurrent lesions after surgery or to reduce their(More)
OBJECTIVE Ultrasonography is a valid tool in the diagnosis of Crohn's disease, but its sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy in the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence are still not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography compared with endoscopy in the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND Distal ulcerative colitis may prove to be resistant to steroids and aminosalicylates, but total colectomy is more difficult to justify than in severe extensive colitis. Immunosuppression is of established benefit in generalized colitis, but there are no data available specific to distal disease. AIM To determine whether the protocol-driven use(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The use of antibiotics in the treatment of active Crohn's disease has recently increased on the assumption that enteral flora may play a role in the origin of symptoms and/or complications of Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the efficacy of metronidazole and/or ciprofloxacin in the treatment of acute(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess the effects of fenoldopam, an antihypertensive agent with nephroprotective properties, on myocardial function. The global systolic and diastolic function and the strain rate, a new parameter used to quantify regional myocardial function, were measured with transesophageal echocardiography. METHODS Forty patients(More)
BACKGROUND Optimum transfer of energy from the left ventricle to the arterial circulation requires appropriate matching of these mechanical systems. Left ventricular-arterial coupling describes this relationship between the ventricular elastance (Ees) and arterial elastance (Ea). The ratio of these elastances defines the efficiency of myocardium and(More)
INTRODUCTION Perforation seems to be a specific pathologic aspect in some types of Crohn's disease. Fistulae are caused by a transmural extension of a fissure and/or an ulcer; they are often multiple and can be internal or external. External fistulae usually occur after surgery and along the scar incision. They are frequently complicated by associated(More)
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