Germaine Dorange

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Merkel cells (MCs) associated with nerve terminals constitute MC-neurite complexes, which are involved in slowly-adapting type I mechanoreception. Although MCs are known to express voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and hypotonic-induced membrane deformation is known to lead to Ca2+ transients, whether MCs initiate mechanotransduction is currently unknown. To(More)
Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIP) leads to major muscle weakness correlated with peripheral nerve and/or muscle alterations. Because sepsis seems to be the main factor, we used an experimental model of chronic sepsis in rats to study the localization of the first alterations on isolated motor units of soleus muscle. Seven days of chronic sepsis leads(More)
Okadaic acid (OA) is one of the main diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins and a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A. The downstream signal transduction pathways following the protein phosphatase inhibition are still unknown and the results of most of the previous studies are often conflicting. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the(More)
A single muscle of Wistar female rats, either soleus or peroneus longus, was immobilized by fixing its cut distal tendon to the bone during 8 weeks. We observed a transitory weight loss in both muscles; the mean fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) showed a reduction at day 30, followed by an increase at day 60. The time course of the activation of the(More)
Merkel cells (MCs) are involved in mechanoreception, but several lines of evidence suggest that they may also participate in skin disorders through the release of neuropeptides and hormones. In addition, MC hyperplasias have been reported in inflammatory skin diseases. However, neither proliferation nor reactions to the epidermal environment have been(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate how a modification in the mechanical conditions under which a muscle is used could induce changes in the characteristics and the spinal drive of its motor units (MU). The distal tendon of the soleus muscle of Wistar rats was transferred to the distal stump of the plantaris muscle tendon. The EMG activity of the soleus(More)
Using the macro-patch clamp technique, we show that cardiac myocytes isolated from the heart of the oyster Crassostrea gigas possess several types of voltage-activated ionic currents. (1) A classical non-inactivating potassium current of the IK type that is inhibited by tetraethyl ammonium and shows an outward rectification and a slow activation. (2) A(More)
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