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OBJECTIVE To study the effect of physical activity on whole body fat (BF), its regional deposition and the influence of body fatness on physical performance in prepubertal children. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS A total of 114 boys (9.4+/-1.5 y, Tanner I-II), randomly sampled from the population of Gran Canaria (Spain), 63 of them physically(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the reliability of a set of health-related physical fitness tests used in the European Union-funded Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study on lifestyle and nutrition among adolescents. DESIGN A set of physical fitness tests was performed twice in a study sample, 2 weeks apart, by the same researchers.(More)
This study evaluates the effect of physical activity on the bone content (BMC) and density (BMD) in 51 girls (14.2+/-0.4 yr). Twenty-four were placed in the handball group as they have been playing handball for at least 1 year (3.9+/-0.4). The other 27 who did not perform in any kind of regular physical activity other than that programmed during the(More)
It is increasingly accepted that osteoporosis is a paediatric issue. The prepubertal human skeleton is quite sensitive to the mechanical stimulation elicited by physical activity. To achieve the benefits for bone deriving from physical activity, it is not necessary to perform high volumes of exercise, since a notable osteogenic effect may be achieved with(More)
This study investigated differences in health-related fitness (20-m shuttle run, handgrip, bent arm hang, standing long jump, shuttle run 4 x 10 m and sit and reach tests) in 2474 Spanish adolescents (1196 boys and 1278 girls; age 13-18.5 years) classed as underweight, normal weight, overweight or obese according to body mass index. Body fat and fat-free(More)
Not much is known about the osteogenic effects of sport activities before puberty. We tested the hypothesis that football (soccer) participation is associated with enhanced bone mineral content (BMC) and areal density (BMD) in prepubertal boys. One hundred four healthy white boys (9.3 +/- 0.2 years, Tanner stages I-II) participated in this study: 53(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of physical activity on bone mineral accrual during growth in prepuberal boys. METHODS Seventeen soccer players and 11 matched (physically active) control boys (Tanner 1-2, at the start of the study) were followed over a 3-yr period. Bone mineral content (BMC) and a real density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy x-ray(More)
It is widely recognized that the risk of fractures is closely related to the typical decline in bone mass during the ageing process in both women and men. Exercise has been reported as one of the best non-pharmacological ways to improve bone mass throughout life. However, not all exercise regimens have the same positive effects on bone mass, and the studies(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied in European adolescents (i) the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and ideal cardiovascular health as defined by the American Heart Association and (ii) whether there is a cardiorespiratory fitness threshold associated with a more favourable cardiovascular health profile. METHODS Participants included 510 (n=259 girls)(More)
BACKGROUND Swimming, a sport practiced in hypogravity, has sometimes been associated with decreased bone mass. AIM This systematic review aims to summarize and update present knowledge about the effects of swimming on bone mass, structure and metabolism in order to ascertain the effects of this sport on bone tissue. METHODS A literature search was(More)