Germán Sánchez Torres

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been exploited as cellular vectors to treat a wide array of diseases but the mechanisms responsible for their therapeutic effect remain indeterminate. Previously, we reported that MSCs inhibit bleomycin (BLM)-induced inflammation and fibrosis within the lungs of mice. Interrogation of the MSC transcriptome identified(More)
Mutations within the amino acid sequence of Parkin, the encoded protein of the parkin gene, appear to trigger the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Here, the presence and anatomical distribution of Parkin within the rat was examined. Immunoblot analysis of tissue homogenates showed two major bands at 50 and 44kDa. Within the(More)
The use of Drosophila as a model to study the behavioral consequences of stimulant drugs was analyzed in an active preparation of decapitated Drosophila. Application of cocaine and cocaethylene to discrete nerve cord cells regulating motor programs of behavior produced striking patterns of behavioral activity in a concentration-related manner. In general,(More)
Ketamine exerts powerful anesthetic, psychotic, and antidepressant effects in both healthy volunteers and clinically depressed patients. Although ketamine targets particular glutamate receptors, there is a dearth of evidence for additional, alternative molecular substrates for the behavioral actions of this N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist(More)
Cytokines such as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) alter the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes in the rat. However, the brain sites at which IL-1 beta exerts these effects have not been well identified. The present study sought to identify some of these sites, using c-fos protein expression as(More)
Immediate-early genes, such as c-fos, are induced in the brain by cocaine and other psychotropic drugs. This induction is thought to be mediated via the activation of dopamine D1 and glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtypes. Because alcohol selectively blocks NMDA receptor function, we determined the ability of alcohol to block the expression(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that acute administration of cocaine alters neuroendocrine functions. In order to ascertain the long-term effects of cocaine on the male rat's hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, a series of experiments were performed utilizing two different paradigms of cocaine administration for 6 days. In the first paradigm, rats(More)
Fluoxetine is a serotonin re-uptake blocker commonly used to treat endogenous depression. The present experiments were carried out to assess the effects of fluoxetine on c-fos induction throughout the rat brain. In addition, intron-directed in situ hybridization analysis was used to examine fluoxetine regulation of corticotropin-releasing factor(More)
A model of schizophrenia, the chakragati (ckr) mouse was serendipitously created as a result of a transgenic insertional mutation. The apparent loss-of-function of an endogenous gene produced mice that, when homozygous, displayed an abnormal circling behavior phenotype. To determine whether this phenotype could be corrected by atypical antipsychotics, we(More)
INTRODUCTION In Cúcuta, Cryptococcus gattii serotype B is commonly recovered from immunocompetent patients with cryptococcosis, but it has not been recovered from the environment in spite of its high incidence which is 77% out of reported cases. OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to carry out an extensive environmental sampling in Cúcuta, in an attempt to(More)