Learn More
PURPOSE We sought to assess the role of endovascular techniques in the management of perigraft flow (endoleak) after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. METHOD We performed endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in 114 patients, using a variety of Gianturco Z-stent-based prostheses. Results were evaluated with contrast-enhanced(More)
PURPOSE To describe a case of presumed aortoduodenal fistula that was treated by endovascular implantation of a stent-graft. METHODS AND RESULTS A 76-year-old man was transferred from another hospital where he had been treated for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage over a 2-month period. Ten years previously, he had undergone aortobifemoral bypass, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) mRNA induction in lungs of normal, neutropenic, and adrenalectomized rats after intraperitoneal Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration and in cultured rat pulmonary cell lines after exposure to mediators of the septic response. MATERIALS AND METHODS Northern blotting(More)
Catabolic illness such as sepsis and injury induce profound changes in host amino acid metabolism, including increased hepatic amino acid uptake. Because many amino acid-dependent pathways such as gluconeogenesis and acute-phase protein synthesis are activated in the liver during severe infection, this review will focus on the control of hepatic plasma(More)
Skeletal muscle plays a crucial role in maintaining nitrogen homeostasis during health and critical illness by exporting glutamine, the most abundant amino acid in the blood. We hypothesized that induction of glutamine synthetase (GS) expression, the principal enzyme of de novo glutamine biosynthesis, in skeletal muscle after endotoxin administration was(More)
During sepsis, the lung responds by exporting increased amounts of the amino acid glutamine. This response is accompanied by increased enzymatic activity of glutamine synthetase (GS), which catalyzes the synthesis of glutamine from glutamate and ammonia. It is also known that GS expression in the rat lung can be induced by glucocorticoid hormones. To(More)
During septic states efflux of glutamine from the lung increases, a response sustained by an increase in glutamine synthetase (IGS) activity. We have used a cell culture model employing a rat epithelial cell line of pulmonary origin (L2 cells) to study the effect of several hormones and cytokines which mediate the septic shock response on GS expression. We(More)
Supercoiled pHXBc2 DNA (containing the genome of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and human sequences) migrated more slowly than linear DNA in native and ethidium bromide agarose gel electrophoresis at 4.5 volts/cm, suggesting the presence of unusual DNA structures. S1 nuclease analysis of pHXBc2 revealed two S1 hypersensitive sites. Site I was(More)
Amino acid metabolism by the vascular endothelium is a complex process that often begins with the carrier-mediated uptake of circulating amino acids into the endothelial cytoplasm. Amino acids are essential for maintaining intact endothelial functions, which include cell proliferation, regulation of blood flow and vascular tone, coagulation and(More)
The wetland macrophyte Bidens laevis possesses suitable cytological characteristics for genotoxicity testing. To test its sensitivity as compared to terrestrial plants species currently in use in standardized assays, Methyl Methanesulfonate (MMS), N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) and Maleic Hydrazide (HM) were used. On the other hand, the insecticide Endosulfan(More)