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Soybean (Glycine max L.), the main source of protein throughout the world, is used both as a food and a feedstuff. Currently, limited information about the occurrence of Fusarium species and mycotoxins in soybean grain and by-products is available. The aims of the present study were: (1) to identify toxigenic Fusarium species associated with soybean during(More)
Production of aflatoxin B1 and fumonisin B1 in pure and mixed cultures of Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium proliferatum were determined on irradiated maize seeds inoculated with different spore concentrations at 0.97 water activity (a(w)) and a temperature of 25 degrees C. The highest levels of aflatoxin B1 were produced by A. flavus at the lowest levels of(More)
AIMS The objectives of this study were: (i) to evaluate genetic relatedness among Aspergillus section Flavi strains isolated from soil and peanut seeds in Argentina; (ii) to determine if AFLP molecular markers could be useful to identify isolates up to species level, and to correlate these markers with the isolates' toxigenic potentials and/or vegetative(More)
AIMS The aims of this work were to identify potential sources of Aspergillus parasiticus inoculum and to evaluate the sclerotial and toxigenic profiles of this species from the peanut agroecosystem in Argentina. Likewise, the genetic diversity of A. parasiticus population was analysed using vegetative compatibility group (VCG) analysis. METHODS AND(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of water activity (a(w)) (0.99-0.90), temperature (15, 25 and 30°C) and their interactions on growth and alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) production by Alternaria alternata on irradiated soya beans. Maximum growth rates were obtained at 0.980 a(w) and 25°C. Minimum a(w) level for(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of water activity (a(w); 0.995, 0.98, 0.96, 0.94, 0.92, and 0.90), temperature (5, 18, 25, and 30 degrees C), incubation time (7 to 35 days), and their interactions on mycelial growth and alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) production. Two Alternaria alternata strains isolated from(More)
The natural occurrence of alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) in soya beans harvested in Argentina was evaluated. Both toxins were simultaneously detected by using HPLC analysis coupled with a solid phase extraction column clean-up. Characteristics of this in-house method such as accuracy, precision and detection and quantification(More)
Aflatoxins are produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus in oil-rich seed and grain crops and are a serious problem in agriculture, with aflatoxin B₁ being the most carcinogenic natural compound known. Sexual reproduction in these species occurs between individuals belonging to different vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs). We examined natural(More)
Soybean (Glycine max L.) is one of the main crops in Argentina. Most of the studies of pathogenicity in the Fusarium graminearum complex have focused on strains isolated from wheat and maize, and there is little information on strains isolated from soybean. Our objective in the present study was to compare the pathogenicity among soybean isolates of(More)
Mycotoxins including aflatoxins, deoxynivalenol, fumonisins and ochratoxin A are among the main fungal secondary metabolites detected as natural contaminants in South America in different commodities such as peanuts (aflatoxins), cereals (deoxynivalenol and fumonisins) or grapes (ochratoxin A). Different strategies including crop rotation, tillage(More)