Germán Gómez

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Intratumoral heterogeneity contributes to cancer drug resistance, but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Single-cell analyses of patient-derived models and clinical samples from glioblastoma patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) demonstrate that tumor cells reversibly up-regulate or(More)
TALL-104 is a human leukemic T cell line that expresses markers characteristic of both cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. TALL-104 cells are potent tumor killers, and the use of lethally irradiated TALL-104 as cellular therapy for a variety of tumors has been explored. We investigated the interactions of TALL-104 cells with human brain tumor(More)
Glioblastoma, the most common primary malignant brain tumor, is incurable with current therapies. Genetic and molecular analyses demonstrate that glioblastomas frequently display mutations that activate receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and Pi-3 kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways. In Drosophila melanogaster, activation of RTK and PI3K pathways in glial(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) regulate cellular homeostatic processes. EGFR activates downstream signaling cascades that promote tumor cell survival, proliferation and migration. Dysregulation of EGFR signaling as a consequence of overexpression, amplification and mutation of the EGFR gene occurs(More)
Preclinical studies with the human MHC nonrestricted cytotoxic T-cell leukemic line, TALL-104, were performed in anticipation of its use in cellular immunotherapy trials for primary malignant brain tumors. In this study, we have: (a) quantitated the in vitro brain tumor cell lysis; (b) measured the cytokine secretion upon coincubation of TALL-104 cells with(More)
A major question in neuroscience is how the intrinsic state of the neu-ronal network determines the perception of a complex stimulus and enhances the propensity to either switch or remain attentive to a particular perceptual interpretation. To understand the mechanisms of the spontaneous drive of the brain to explore alternative interpretations of(More)
Genetic structure and diversity of 3789 animals of the Brahman breed from 23 Colombian regions were assessed. Considering the Brahman Zebu cattle as a single population, the multilocus test based on the HW equilibrium, shows significant differences (P < 0.001). Genetic characterization made on the cattle population allowed to examine the genetic(More)
In earlier studies, we demonstrated that intratumoral infusions of alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (aCTL), sensitized to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens of the host, effectively retarded the intracranial growth of Fischer 9L gliosarcoma. We further demonstrated that continuous in vitro exposure to gamma-interferon (gammaIFN)(More)
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