Learn More
Perinatal exposure to chronic hypoxia induces sustained pulmonary hypertension and structural and functional changes in both pulmonary and systemic vascular beds. The aim of this study was to analyze consequences of high-altitude chronic hypoxia during gestation and early after birth in pulmonary and femoral vascular responses in newborn sheep. Lowland(More)
We determined whether store-operated channels (SOC) are involved in neonatal pulmonary artery function under conditions of acute and chronic hypoxia, using newborn sheep gestated and born either at high altitude (HA, 3,600 m) or low altitude (LA, 520 m). Cardiopulmonary variables were recorded in vivo, with and without SOC blockade by(More)
Pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PHN) constitutes a critical condition with severe cardiovascular and neurological consequences. One of its main causes is hypoxia during gestation, and thus, it is a public health concern in populations living above 2500 m. Although some mechanisms are recognized, the pathophysiological facts that lead to PHN are not(More)
Hypoxia of the placenta is integral to complications of pregnancy, including preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and small-for-gestational age babies. Hypoxia in the placenta is associated with vascular remodeling, hypertension, metabolic changes, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and endoplasmic reticular stress. Hypoxia induces(More)
We determined whether postnatal pulmonary hypertension induced by 70% of pregnancy at high altitude (HA) persists once the offspring return to sea level and investigated pulmonary vascular mechanisms operating under these circumstances. Pregnant ewes were divided into two groups: conception, pregnancy, and delivery at low altitude (580 m, LLL) and(More)
Perinatal exposure to chronic hypoxia induces sustained hypertension and structural and functional changes in the pulmonary vascular bed. We hypothesized that highland newborn lambs (HLNB, 3600 m) have a higher pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) due in part to a higher activity/expression of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5). We administered sildenafil, a PDE5(More)
Chronic hypoxia during gestation and delivery results in oxidative stress and cerebrovascular dysfunction in the neonate. We assessed whether melatonin, a potent antioxidant and potential vasodilator, improves the cerebral vascular function in chronically hypoxic neonatal lambs gestated and born in the highlands (3600 m). Six lambs received melatonin (1(More)
AIMS To study the nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide roles in the regulation of the pulmonary circulation in lowland and highland newborn sheep and llamas. METHODS AND RESULTS We used neonatal sheep (Ovis aries) and llamas (Lama glama) whose gestation and delivery took place at low (580 m) or high (3600 m) altitude. In vivo, we measured the(More)
In this study we looked for additional evidence to support the hypothesis that fetal llama reacts to hypoxaemia with adaptive brain hypometabolism. We determined fetal llama brain temperature, Na(+) and K(+) channel density and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity. Additionally, we looked to see whether there were signs of cell death in the brain cortex of llama(More)
Compared with lowland species, fetal life for mammalian species whose mothers live in high altitude is demanding. For instance, fetal llamas have to cope with the low fetal arterial PO2 of all species, but also the likely superimposition of hypoxia as a result of the decreased oxygen environment in which the mother lives in the Andean altiplano. When(More)