Germán Ebensperger

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AIMS To study the nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide roles in the regulation of the pulmonary circulation in lowland and highland newborn sheep and llamas. METHODS AND RESULTS We used neonatal sheep (Ovis aries) and llamas (Lama glama) whose gestation and delivery took place at low (580 m) or high (3600 m) altitude. In vivo, we measured the(More)
Compared with lowland species, fetal life for mammalian species whose mothers live in high altitude is demanding. For instance, fetal llamas have to cope with the low fetal arterial PO2 of all species, but also the likely superimposition of hypoxia as a result of the decreased oxygen environment in which the mother lives in the Andean altiplano. When(More)
We determined whether postnatal pulmonary hypertension induced by 70% of pregnancy at high altitude (HA) persists once the offspring return to sea level and investigated pulmonary vascular mechanisms operating under these circumstances. Pregnant ewes were divided into two groups: conception, pregnancy, and delivery at low altitude (580 m, LLL) and(More)
The placenta is the exchange organ that regulates metabolic processes between the mother and her developing fetus. The adequate function of this organ is clearly vital for a physiologic gestational process and a healthy baby as final outcome. The umbilico-placental vasculature has the capacity to respond to variations in the materno-fetal milieu. Depending(More)
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), the main feature of obstructive sleep apnea, enhances carotid body (CB) chemosensory responses to acute hypoxia. In spite of that, the primary molecular target of CIH in the CB remains unknown. A key step of the hypoxic response in the CB is the chemoreceptor cell depolarization elicited by the inhibition of K(+)(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is one of the most serious pathologies that can affect the 140 million people living at altitudes over 2500 m. The primary emphasis of this review is pulmonary artery hypertension in mammals (sheep and llamas) at high altitude, with specific focus on the heme oxygenase and carbon monoxide (HO-CO) system. We highlight the fact(More)
Using an integrative approach at the whole animal, isolated vessels, and molecular levels, we tested the hypothesis that the llama, a species that undergoes pregnancy under the influence of the chronic hypoxia of high altitude, delivers offspring with an increased α-adrenergic peripheral vascular reactivity compared with neonates from lowland species. We(More)
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