Germán E. Piñas

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Optochin susceptibility is a key test used for pneumococcal diagnosis, but optochin-resistant (Opt(r)) pneumococci have been reported in the last 2 decades. In this work, we characterized eight Opt(r) clinical strains which presented a new mutation, G47V, a predominant A49S mutation (recently reported in Brazil) and A49T. These mutations were found in the c(More)
In Streptococcus pneumoniae, autolysis is considered a programmed cell-death process executed principally by the major autolysin (LytA), and the underlying mechanism causing its activation is not completely understood. It is known that autolysis is triggered by competence development at alkaline pH and regulated by a two-component system, ComDE, which(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major human pathogen that can survive to stress conditions, such as the acidic environment of inflammatory foci, and tolerates lethal pH through a mechanism known as the acid tolerance response. We previously described that S. pneumoniae activates acidic-stress induced lysis in response to acidified environments, favoring the(More)
The penicillin-resistant Spain(9V)-3 clone of Streptococcus pneumoniae is widespread and presents different serotype variants originating from recombination of the capsular genes. In this work, the genetic relatedness of 29 invasive pneumococci isolated from the central region of Argentina (Cordoba, Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and La Pampa provinces) was(More)
The prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes in pathogenic bacteria is a major challenge to treating many infectious diseases. The spread of these genes is driven by the strong selection imposed by the use of antibacterial drugs. However, in the absence of drug selection, antibiotic resistance genes impose a fitness cost, which can be ameliorated by(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this work was to study the effect of subinhibitory concentrations of penicillin, chloramphenicol and erythromycin on the mutation rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae. METHODS The mutation rate to rifampicin and optochin resistance was estimated using fluctuation analysis in three capsulated S. pneumoniae strains, cultured both with and(More)
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