Gerlinde Kugler

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Residues Leu720-Leu764 within the II-III loop of the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) alpha1S subunit represent a critical domain for the orthograde excitation-contraction coupling as well as for retrograde DHPR L-current-enhancing coupling with the ryanodine receptor (RyR1). To better understand the molecular mechanism underlying this(More)
Interactions of the II-III loop of the voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel alpha(1S) subunit with the Ca(2+) release channel (RyR1) are essential for skeletal-type excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. Here, we characterized the binding site of the monoclonal alpha(1S) antibody mAB 1A and used it to probe the structure of the II-III loop in chimeras with different(More)
The plasmalemmal dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) is the voltage sensor in skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling. It activates calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum via protein-protein interactions with the ryanodine receptor (RyR). To enable this interaction, DHPRs are arranged in arrays of tetrads opposite RyRs. In the DHPR(More)
Auxiliary channel subunits regulate membrane expression and modulate current properties of voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels and thus are involved in numerous important cell functions, including muscle contraction. Whereas the importance of the alpha(1S), beta(1a), and gamma Ca(2+) channel subunits in skeletal muscle has been determined by using null-mutant(More)
The dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) and the ryanodine receptor (RyR) constitute the core of the excitation–contraction (EC) coupling apparatus in skeletal muscle. The DHPR is a high voltage-activated Ca channel which functions as the voltage sensor in EC coupling and supports the L-type Ca current. It consists of the pore-forming a1s subunit and the(More)
Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release (CICR)-the mechanism of cardiac excitation-contraction (EC) coupling-also contributes to skeletal muscle contraction; however, its properties are still poorly understood. CICR in skeletal muscle can be induced independently of direct, calcium-independent activation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release, by reconstituting(More)
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