Geri F. Moolenaar

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Ti plasmid mutants derived from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain Ach5 that induce tumors of abnormal morphology have been analyzed. On tobacco, A. tumefaciens mutant strain LBA4060 induces tumors that specifically give rise to shoots. Shoots continue to grow from in vitro cultured bacteria-free tumor tissue derived from such tumors. The mutant character is(More)
From the start of the first primitive life forms on earth ultraviolet (UV) light has been a seriously threatening factor. UV light is absorbed by the DNA causing several types of damage that can interfere with transcription and replication. In bacteria a number of different repair mechanisms have evolved to repair these UV-induced lesions. These mechanisms(More)
It is generally accepted that the damage recognition complex of nucleotide excision repair in Escherichia coli consists of two UvrA and one UvrB molecule, and that in the preincision complex UvrB binds to the damage as a monomer. Using scanning force microscopy, we show here that the damage recognition complex consists of two UvrA and two UvrB subunits,(More)
The UvrB protein is a subunit of the UvrABC endonuclease which is involved in the repair of a large variety of DNA lesions. We have 91 isolated random uvrB mutants which are impaired in the repair of UV-damage in vivo. These mutants were classified on the basis of the ability to form normal levels of protein and the position of the mutations in the gene.(More)
Nucleotide excision repair in eubacteria is a process that repairs DNA damages by the removal of a 12-13-mer oligonucleotide containing the lesion. Recognition and cleavage of the damaged DNA is a multistep ATP-dependent reaction that requires the UvrA, UvrB and UvrC proteins. Both UvrA and UvrB are ATPases, with UvrA having two ATP binding sites which have(More)
The UvrB-DNA preincision complex is a key intermediate in the repair of damaged DNA by the UvrABC endonuclease from Escherichia coli. DNaseI footprinting of this complex on DNA with a cis-[Pt(NH3)2[d(GpG)-N7(1),N7(2)]] adduct provided global information on the protein binding site on this substrate [Visse, R., et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7609-7617].(More)
Nucleotide excision repair in Escherichia coli is a multistep process in which DNA damage is removed by incision of the DNA on both sides of the damage, followed by removal of the oligonucleotide containing the lesion. The two incision reactions take place in a complex of damaged DNA with UvrB and UvrC. It has been shown (Lin, J. -J., and Sancar, A. (1992)(More)
UvrB plays a key role in bacterial nucleotide excision repair. It is the ultimate damage-binding protein that interacts with both UvrA and UvrC. The oligomeric state of UvrB and the UvrAB complex have been subject of debate for a long time. Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between GFP and YFP fused to the C-terminal end of Escherichia(More)
The nucleotide excision repair pathway corrects many structurally unrelated DNA lesions. Damage recognition in bacteria is performed by UvrA, a member of the ABC ATPase superfamily whose functional form is a dimer with four nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs), two per protomer. In the 3.2 A structure of UvrA from Bacillus stearothermophilus, we observe that(More)
UvrB is the ultimate damage-binding protein in bacterial nucleotide excision repair. Previous AFM experiments have indicated that UvrB binds to a damage as a dimer. In this paper we visualize for the first time a UvrB dimer in a gel retardation assay, with the second subunit (B2) more loosely bound than the subunit (B1) that interacts with the damage. A(More)