Geri F. Moolenaar

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UvrB, the ultimate damage-binding protein in bacterial nucleotide excision repair is capable of binding a vast array of structurally unrelated lesions. A beta-hairpin structure in the protein plays an important role in damage-specific binding. In this paper we have monitored DNA conformational alterations in the UvrB-DNA complex, using the fluorescent(More)
Repairing damaged DNA is essential for an organism's survival. UV damage endonuclease (UVDE) is a DNA-repair enzyme that can recognize and incise different types of damaged DNA. We present the structure of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius UVDE on its own and in a pre-catalytic complex with UV-damaged DNA containing a 6-4 photoproduct showing a novel 'dual(More)
The UvrA protein is the initial damage-recognizing factor in bacterial nucleotide excision repair. Each monomer of the UvrA dimer contains two ATPase sites. Using single-molecule analysis we show that dimerization of UvrA in the presence of ATP is significantly higher than with ADP or nonhydrolyzable ATPgammaS, suggesting that the active UvrA dimer contains(More)
The ultraviolet damage endonuclease (UVDE) performs the initial step in an alternative excision repair pathway of UV-induced DNA damage, nicking immediately adjacent to the 5' phosphate of the damaged nucleotides. Unique for a single-protein DNA repair endonuclease, it can detect different types of damage. Here we show that Thermus thermophilus UVDE shares(More)
Sso10a proteins are small DNA-binding proteins expressed by the crenarchaeal model organism Sulfolobus solfataricus. Based on the structure of Sso10a1, which contains a winged helix-turn-helix motif, it is believed that Sso10a proteins function as sequence-specific transcription factors. Here we show that Sso10a1 and Sso10a2 exhibit different distinct(More)
Two-component regulatory systems allow bacteria to respond adequately to changes in their environment. In response to a given stimulus, a sensory kinase activates its cognate response regulator via reversible phosphorylation. The response regulator DevR activates a state of dormancy under hypoxia in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, allowing this pathogen to(More)
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