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Three weakly electric fish (Gnathonemus petersii) were force-choice trained in a two-alternative procedure to discriminate between objects differing in their electrical characteristics. The objects were carbon dipoles in plexiglass tubing (length 2.5 cm, diameter 0.6 cm). Their electrical characteristics could be changed by varying the impedance of an(More)
Weakly electric fish orient at night by employing active electrolocation. South American and African species emit electric signals and perceive the consequences of these emissions with epidermal electroreceptors. Objects are detected by analyzing the electric images which they project onto the animal’s electroreceptive skin surface. Electric images depend(More)
The weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii searches at night for insect larvae in tropical African streams. The aim of this study was to determine the contributions of different sensory modalities to foraging. The time that fish needed to find two randomly placed chironomid larvae was measured. The influence of various senses on search time was(More)
During electrolocation weakly electric fish monitor their self-emitted electric signals in order to detect and evaluate nearby objects. Individuals of the mormyrid species Gnathonemus petersii were trained to discriminate between resistive and capacitive objects that differed only in their electric properties. Capacitive properties are found almost(More)
Two species of Hipposiderid bats,Hiposideros speoris andH. lankadiva, which both emit short CF-FM echolocation calls, were trained in a two-alternative forced-choice procedure to discriminate between an oscillating target and a motionless one. Two different targets were used: (1) the membrane of a low-frequency loudspeaker, producing sinusoidal frequency-(More)
The present study examined the effect of acute administration of endocannabinoid receptor CB1 ligand ∆-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on intracellular signalling in the brain and retrieval from two different memory systems in the zebrafish (Danio rerio). First, fish were treated with THC and changes in the phosphorylation level of mitogen-activated protein(More)
Weakly electric fish can detect nearby objects and analyse their electric properties during active electrolocation. Four individuals of the South American gymnotiform fish Eigenmannia sp., which emits a continuous wave-type electric signal, were tested for their ability to detect capacitive properties of objects and discriminate them from resistive(More)
Weakly electric fish use active electrolocation for orientation at night. They emit electric signals (electric organ discharges) which generate an electrical field around their body. By sensing field distortions, fish can detect objects and analyze their properties. It is unclear, however, how accurately they can determine the distance of unknown objects.(More)
Electroreceptive afferents from A- and B-electroreceptor cells of mormyromasts and Knollenorgans were tested for their sensitivity to different stimulus waveforms in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. Both A- and B-mormyromast cells had their lowest sensitivity to a waveform similar to the self-generated electric organ discharge (EOD) (around 0°(More)
fatty acids undergo such oxidation reactions. The presence of these ot,wdicarboxylic acids in sediments needs more investigation. C 9 and C s (~,~-dicarboxylic acid salts are important compounds in explaining the absence of unsaturated fatty acids in aerosols, especially under very intensive photooxidation conditions. Their presence in sea sediments(More)