Gerhard von der Emde

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Three weakly electric fish (Gnathonemus petersii) were force-choice trained in a two-alternative procedure to discriminate between objects differing in their electrical characteristics. The objects were carbon dipoles in plexiglass tubing (length 2.5 cm, diameter 0.6 cm). Their electrical characteristics could be changed by varying the impedance of an(More)
Weakly electric fish orient at night by employing active electrolocation. South American and African species emit electric signals and perceive the consequences of these emissions with epidermal electroreceptors. Objects are detected by analyzing the electric images which they project onto the animal’s electroreceptive skin surface. Electric images depend(More)
During electrolocation weakly electric fish monitor their self-emitted electric signals in order to detect and evaluate nearby objects. Individuals of the mormyrid species Gnathonemus petersii were trained to discriminate between resistive and capacitive objects that differed only in their electric properties. Capacitive properties are found almost(More)
Weakly electric fish can perceive electric properties of objects by monitoring the responses of their epidermal electroreceptors (mormyromasts) to their own electric organ discharges (EOD), a process known as active electrolocation. Mormyrid fish can distinguish capacitative from resistive properties of objects. It is mainly animate objects that possess(More)
The weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii searches at night for insect larvae in tropical African streams. The aim of this study was to determine the contributions of different sensory modalities to foraging. The time that fish needed to find two randomly placed chironomid larvae was measured. The influence of various senses on search time was(More)
Weakly electric fish can detect nearby objects and analyse their electric properties during active electrolocation. Four individuals of the South American gymnotiform fish Eigenmannia sp., which emits a continuous wave-type electric signal, were tested for their ability to detect capacitive properties of objects and discriminate them from resistive(More)
Electroreceptive afferents from A- and B-electroreceptor cells of mormyromasts and Knollenorgans were tested for their sensitivity to different stimulus waveforms in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. Both A- and B-mormyromast cells had their lowest sensitivity to a waveform similar to the self-generated electric organ discharge (EOD) (around 0°(More)
Nature has developed a stunning diversity of sensory systems. Humans and many animals mainly rely on visual information. In addition, they may use acoustic, olfactory, and tactile cues for object detection and spatial orientation. Beyond these sensory systems a large variety of highly specialized sensors have evolved. For instance, some buprestid beetles(More)
Five Greater Horseshoe bats,Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, were trained in a two-alternative forced-choice procedure to discriminate between artificial echoes of insects fluttering at different wingbeat rates. The stimuli were electronically produced phantom targets simulating fluttering insects with various wingbeat frequencies (Figs. 3, 4). Difference(More)