Gerhard Wolff

Learn More
X-linked isolated lissencephaly sequence (XLIS) and subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) are allelic disorders caused by mutations in the doublecortin (DCX) gene. This genetic analysis of seven families revealed four novel mutations in the DCX gene. The authors detected a high rate of somatic mosaicism in male and female patients with variable penetrance of(More)
BACKGROUND Lissencephaly is a neuronal migration disorder leading to absent or reduced gyration and a broadened but poorly organized cortex. The most common form of lissencephaly is isolated, referred as classic or type 1 lissencephaly. Type 1 lissencephaly is mostly associated with a heterozygous deletion of the entire LIS1 gene, whereas intragenic(More)
The human Y-box binding protein, YB-1, is a multifunctional protein that regulates gene expression. Nuclear expression of YB-1 has been associated with chemoresistance and poor prognosis of tumour patients. Representative samples from autopsied material of primary tumours from 77 patients with NSCLC were investigated by immunohistochemistry for subcellular(More)
BAX and p16 INK4A are independent positive prognostic markers for advanced tumour stage of nonsmall cell lung cancer. ABSTRACT: Clinical studies suggest prognostic relevance of p16 INK4A in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) while conflicting results for p53 have been published. However, the importance of the apoptosis regulating gene BAX, a downstream(More)
Even after quitting smoking, the risk of the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer remains significantly higher compared to healthy nonsmokers. Based on the knowledge that COPD and most lung cancers start in the small airway epithelium (SAE), we hypothesized that smoking modulates miRNA expression in the SAE linked to(More)
Since the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) lung is known to be inhomogeneous, one could expect an uneven distribution of expiratory time constant during uninterrupted mechanical ventilation. We investigated the time constant/volume relationship of passive expiration, and their modification by external resistive elements. In 12 paralysed intubated(More)
Smoking and COPD are associated with decreased mucociliary clearance, and healthy smokers have shorter cilia in the large airway than nonsmokers. We hypothesized that changes in cilia length are consistent throughout the airway, and we further hypothesized that smokers with COPD have shorter cilia than healthy smokers. Because intraflagellar transport (IFT)(More)
This report concerns two families in which the index patients are sporadic cases of a benign form of muscular dystrophy. In both families the sisters of the patients have married a close relative. The respective risks for a child of these consanguineous marriages being affected with either X linked Becker muscular dystrophy or autosomal recessive limb(More)
Since overexpression of E2F-1 has been shown to induce apoptosis, the ability of adenovirus-mediated transfer of E2F-1 to inhibit tumour growth in nonsmall-cell lung cancer cell lines was investigated. Three cell lines with various genomic status were infected with AdE2F. Cell proliferation and viability were determined by trypan blue exclusion. Apoptosis(More)
The selectin family of vascular cell adhesion molecules is comprised of structurally related carbohydrate binding proteins, which mediate the initial rolling of leukocytes on the activated vascular endothelium. Because this process is one of the crucial events in initiating and maintaining inflammation, selectins are proposed to be an attractive target for(More)