Gerhard Wittkowski

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In Bavaria a BHV-1 eradication program was initiated in 1986 and was changed to a compulsory program in 1998. The eradication success increased progressively from < 50% in 1986 to 87% of the farms in 2002. BHV 1-free farms are controlled by bulk milk serology twice a year along with blood serology in animals that are negative but from herds where positive(More)
The guidelines of the German Ministery of Food, Agriculture and Forestry outlining a Salmonella surveillance programme, "Leitlinien für ein Programm zur Reduzierung des Eintrags von Salmonellen durch Schlachtschweine in die Fleischgewinnung" (February 5th, 1998), provide a staggered spot-check size depending on the annual production of slaughtery pigs. A(More)
A voluntary marker-independent Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1) eradication program started in 1986; in 1998 it changed to a compulsory one. Certification of free regions in European member states is based on Article 10 of directive 64/432/EEC. According to this rule Bavaria is listed as free of BoHV1 since October 2011. Surveillance of BoHV1-free dairy cattle(More)
Prophylactic measures against infection are really essential to the preservation of the udder-health and the quality of the milk. When curing a dairy cattle population suffering from mastitis strict hygienic measures for the completion and maintenance of the therapy must be taken absolutely consequently. On the occasion of a study made in Bavaria for the(More)
A total of 5204 bulk milk samples were tested for antibodies against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) classified according to the scheme after Alenius. Forty-five percent of the samples from 2002 were classified as class 0 and class 1, 55% as class 2 and 3. 6420 bulk milk samples from 1997 were classified in an independent study in 65.6% class 0 and 1 and(More)
Meat samples from diaphragm pillars were randomly taken from 3,048 pigs of 52 Bavarian herds after slaughtery. Meat-juice was collected and tested for salmonella antibodies in an indirect ELISA. The number of samples was calculated according to the annual production of slaughter pigs of a farm outlined in the "Leitlinien für ein Programm zur Reduzierung des(More)