Gerhard Wirl

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Loss of epithelial morphology and the acquisition of mesenchymal characteristics are typical for carcinoma cells in tumour progression. In human breast carcinomas, up-regulation of tenascin-C (TN-C) and vimentin (Vim) is frequently observed in cancer cells and correlates with increased malignancy. Thus, it is possible that TN-C is co-expressed with Vim,(More)
The local growth of tumors and their ability to metastasize are crucially dependent on their interactions with the surrounding extracellular matrix. Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix protein which is highly expressed during development, tissue repair and cancer. Despite the high levels of TNC in the stroma of primary and metastatic tumors, the(More)
Overexpression of tenascin-C (TN-C) in breast carcinomas has been associated with a migratory or even invasive tumor cell phenotype. The mechanisms regulating expression and matrix deposition of TN-C in normal and cancerous breast tissues are, however, little understood. Here, we demonstrate that mouse mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) transformed by(More)
In nontumorigenic mammary epithelial cells (EpH4), transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ1) causes cell cycle arrest/apoptosis, but induces epitheliomesenchymal transition (EMT) in Ha-Ras-transformed EpH4 cells (EpRas). EMT is closely correlated with late-stage tumor progression and results in fibroblastic, migratory cells displaying a mesenchymal gene(More)
A latent form of collagenase had been isolated from crude extracts of the insoluble, fibrous material from Walker tumor homogenates. Purified preparations of this enzyme yielded a major unit of Mr approximately 62000, as determined by gel filtration on AcA 54 Ultrogel. In its activated form collagenase had been purified to apparent homogeneity with an(More)
Collagen-binding proteins (CBPs) of rat mammary tumors are identical to Ca(2+)-binding annexins. We have now isolated a protein of 38 kDa from the human mammary tumor cell line ALAB by collagen type I affinity chromatography as well as by extraction of calcium-binding proteins. The 38-kDa band of both preparations was identified as annexin II (calpactin I)(More)
In this review the production of interstitial collagenase in DMBA-induced mammary tumors of the rat has been examined. Cell sorting and cell cultures have given us the opportunity to relate the release of collagenase to a specific cell type. By means of FITC-fluorescence and monospecific antibodies (S. Sakamoto, Harvard University, Boston) it was further(More)
Three major proteins of 34, 36, and 38 kDa were isolated from membrane preparations of chemically induced mammary tumors of the rat by collagen type I affinity chromatography and therefore were termed collagen-binding proteins (CBP). Three proteins in the same molecular weight range isolated from cell extracts by precipitation with calcium, solubilization(More)
High amounts of collagenase were found in chemically-induced carcinomas of the mouse skin and in carcinomas of the human urinary bladder. Part of the total enzyme activity was detected in the supernatant after sedimentation of the tumour homogenate at 6000 x g and dialysis for 48 hours. The remainder was extracted from the pellet by the use of 5 M urea.(More)