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ABSTRACT.: A potential role of the sympathetic nervous system in progression of renal failure has received little attention. This study examined whether nonhypotensive doses of moxonidine, an agent that reduces sympathetic activity, affects glomerulosclerosis, urine albumin excretion, and indices of renal handling of norepinephrine (NE) in subtotally(More)
The purpose of the present study was to approach the compound(s) responsible for the beneficial effects of an extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves (EGB) on animals subjected to hypoxia. In this first approach we compared the effects of the flavone and the non-flavone fraction of EGB with those of the whole extract on mice in lethal hypoxia (3.5% O2), on brain(More)
Male Wistar rats were subjected to forebrain ischemia of 10 min duration by clamping both common carotid arteries and simultaneously lowering systemic blood pressure to 40 mm Hg by exsanguination. Recovery was achieved by removing the arterial clamps and reinfusing the blood. Cortical levels of high-energy phosphates and glycolytic substrates were(More)
By means of the [14C]-2-deoxyglucose method the local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) was measured in 41 brain regions in autoimmune New Zealand Black (NZB) mice and in Carworth Farm Winkelmann (CFW) mice, which served as the control strain. At the age of 6 months, the mean LCGU of all measured areas and brain stem nuclei was 67.7 μmol glucose/(100 g x(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent findings suggest a key role for platelet activating factor in neuroinjury. For this reason we evaluated the effects of the platelet activating factor antagonist apafant (4-(2-chlorophenyl)-9-methyl-2[3(4-morpholinyl)-3-propanol-1- yl[6H-thieno[3.2-f[[1.2.4]triazolo]4,3-1]]1.4]diazepine on farct volume and local cerebral blood(More)
The effects of the calcium channel blocker nimodipine and the non-competitive NMDA-antagonists MK-801 and phencyclidine (PCP) on infarct size 48 h after occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA-O) were evaluated in the rat. Nimodipine was given at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg s.c. 30 min prior and 8, 16, and 24 h after MCA-O. MK-801 (1 mg/kg i.p. or 10 mg/kg(More)
We conducted the present study to investigate the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine agonists on brain morphology after the induction of focal cerebral ischemia by permanent occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery in rats and mice. Forty-eight hours after vessel occlusion, the damage was quantified in rats by planimetry and subsequent integration on cresyl(More)
The effects of flunarizine on local cerebral blood flow, cortical energy metabolism and neuronal necrosis were evaluated in a rat model of forebrain ischemia. The application of flunarizine (2 X 40 mg/kg p.o.) at 24 and 4 h before ischemia accelerated the restoration of cortical high-energy phosphates during early post-ischemic recirculation and also(More)
The effects of vinpocetine on hippocampal cell damage and local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) were measured in a rat model of forebrain ischemia (2-vessel occlusion and hypotension). Duration of ischemia was 10 min. LCBF was determined after 2 min of recirculation using the 14C-iodoantipyrine technique. Hippocampal cell loss was quantified histologically 7(More)
In this report the effects of phencyclidine (PCP) on physiologic variables, local cerebral blood flow (LCBF), and on hippocampal cell damage were measured in a rat model of forebrain ischemia (2-vessel occlusion and hypotension). Ischemia was induced for 10 min. LCBF was determined after 2 min of recirculation, using the [14C]iodoantipyrine technique.(More)