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The intraneuronal accumulation of paired helical filaments in the form of neurofibrillary tangles is one hallmark of the brain pathology in Alzheimer's disease. At certain predilection sites, a small number of similar lesions are also present in the brains of the majority of aged non-demented individuals. As suggested by several studies before, these(More)
Plectin and its isoforms are versatile cytoskeletal linker proteins of very large size (>500 kDa) that are abundantly expressed in a wide variety of mammalian tissues and cell types. Earlier studies indicated that plectin molecules were associated with and/or directly bound to subcomponents of all three major cytoskeletal filament networks, the subplasma(More)
Previous studies suggest that plectin, a versatile cytoskeletal linker protein, has an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of diverse cells and tissues. To establish plectin's function in a living organism, we have disrupted its gene in mice. Plectin (-/-) mice died 2-3 days after birth exhibiting skin blistering caused by degeneration of(More)
An antigenic profile of subcortical and cortical Lewy bodies was determined in the presence or absence of neurofibrillary tangles in the same brain using antisera and monoclonal antibodies to various cytoskeletal elements as well as to determinants not present in the normal cytoskeleton. The cores of many Lewy bodies were strongly reactive with a monoclonal(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy (MD-EBS) is a disease characterized by generalized blistering of the skin associated with muscular involvement. We report that the skin of three MD-EBS patients is not reactive with antibodies 6C6, 10F6, or 5B3 raised against the intermediate filament-associated protein plectin. Immunofluorescence and(More)
Plectin, the most versatile cytolinker identified to date, has essential functions in maintaining the mechanical integrity of skin, skeletal muscle and heart, as indicated by analyses of plectin-deficient mice and humans. Expression of plectin in a vast variety of tissues and cell types, combined with a large number of different binding partners identified(More)
We have generated a series of plectin deletion and mutagenized cDNA constructs to dissect the functional sequences that mediate plectin's interaction with intermediate filament (IF) networks, and scored their ability to coalign or disrupt intermediate filaments when ectopically expressed in rat kangaroo PtK2 cells. We show that a stretch of approximately 50(More)
We report that mutation in the gene for plectin, a cytoskeleton-membrane anchorage protein, is a cause of autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy associated with skin blistering (epidermolysis bullosa simplex). The evidence comes from absence of plectin by antibody staining in affected individuals from four families, supportive genetic analysis (localization(More)
Plectin, a 500-kDa intermediate filament binding protein, has been proposed to provide mechanical strength to cells and tissues by acting as a cross-linking element of the cytoskeleton. To set the basis for future studies on gene regulation, tissue-specific expression, and pathological conditions involving this protein, we have cloned the human plectin(More)