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In order to construct an RFLP map of barley, two populations were analyzed using 251 genomic and cDNA markers: one population comprised 71 F1 antherderived double haploid (DH) individuals of an intraspecific cross (IGRI x FRANKA), and the other 135 individuals of an interspecific F2/F3 progeny (VADA x H. spontaneum). The distribution of nonrepetitive clones(More)
Distinct parental cytoplasms were combined in symmetric tetraploid hybrids of potato by somatic cell fusion. This allowed, in the presence of nearly isogenic nuclear genomes, to estimate the contribution of mitochondrial (mt) and chloroplast (cp) genomes to starch content. Analysis of mt-cp configurations in the complete gene pool of german potato cultivars(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying cell wall digestibility in maize (Zea mays L.) have been studied in three sets of maize brown-midrib isogenic lines in the genetic background of inbreds 1332 (1332 and 1332 bm3), 5361 (5361 and 5361 bm3), and F2 (F2, F2 bm1, F2 bm2, and F2 bm3). Two complementary approaches, SSH (suppression subtractive hybridization) and(More)
Anthers of 55 different spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) hybrids and four varieties were cultured in vitro. Microspores of each hybrid gave rise to calluses and subsequently plantlets, from all hybrids, except one. As criteria of microspore responsiveness, callus formation and plant regeneration frequencies were studied in detail. Large differences with(More)
The inheritance of extreme resistance to PVY (Ry (sto)) by a single dominant locus was confirmed by obtaining a 1:1 segregation ratio in a virus inoculation test with 28 resistant (Ryry) to 29 susceptible (ryry) anther culture-derived dihaploid lines (2n=2x=24) from cv. "Assia" (2n=4x=48) having extreme resistance derived from Solanum stoloniferum in(More)
In order to determine the extent of polymorphism in barley (Hordeum vulgare), DNA from 48 varieties was analyzed with 23 genomic, single-copy probes, distributed across all seven chromosomes. Upon hybridization to wheat-barley addition lines, the probes showed different degrees of homology compared to the wheat genome. Polymorphisms were detected in the(More)
Two hundred and fifty doubled haploid lines were studied from a cross between two 2-row winter barley varieties. The lines were evaluated for several characters in a field experiment for 3 years on two locations with two replications. From a total of 431 RFLP probes 50 were found to be polymorphic and subsequently used to construct a linkage map.(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-wall digestibility is the major target for improving the feeding value of forage maize. An understanding of the molecular basis for cell-wall digestibility is crucial towards breeding of highly digestible maize. RESULTS 865 candidate ESTs for cell-wall digestibility were selected according to the analysis of expression profiles in 1) three(More)
Heterosis, the superior performance of hybrids as compared to their parental mean is an agronomically important phenomenon well-described morphologically. However, little is known about its molecular basis. We investigated four genetically unrelated maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines and their F(1) crosses both at the phenotype and transcriptome level,(More)
Tetraploid potato plants were regenerated after polyethylene-glycol-induced protoplast fusion between dihaploids. Hybrid vigour of the regenerated calli was used for preselection of fusion products. Nearly all the selected vigorous clones possessed chromosome counts at the tetraploid level. Fusion products were compared to the parental material to(More)