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When a ranking of some objects (chemicals, geographical sites, river sections, etc.) by a multicriteria analysis is of concern, then it is often difficult to find a common scale among the criteria, and therefore even the simple sorting process is performed by applying additional constraints, just to get a ranking index. However such additional constraints,(More)
In this study, genome-wide expression profiling based on Affymetrix ATH1 arrays was used to identify discriminating responses of Arabidopsis thaliana to five herbicides, which contain active ingredients targeting two different branches of amino acid biosynthesis. One herbicide contained glyphosate, which targets 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase(More)
Over the last few decades, the ability of rhizosphere bacteria to promote plant growth has been considered to be of scientific, ecological, and economic interest. The properties and mechanisms of interaction of these root-colonizing bacteria have been extensively investigated, and plant protection agents that are based on these bacterial strains have been(More)
Understanding factors driving the ecology of N cycling microbial communities is of central importance for sustainable land use. In this study we report changes of abundance of denitrifiers, nitrifiers and nitrogen-fixing microorganisms (based on qPCR data for selected functional genes) in response to different land use intensity levels and the consequences(More)
BACKGROUND In microarray data analysis, the comparison of gene-expression profiles with respect to different conditions and the selection of biologically interesting genes are crucial tasks. Multivariate statistical methods have been applied to analyze these large datasets. Less work has been published concerning the assessment of the reliability of(More)
Antidepressants are widely used for the treatment of psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety. Although they are efficient drugs, there are several unsolved questions regarding their clinical pharmacology. Furthermore, the molecular mechanisms of action of antidepressants are still poorly understood and the molecular targets and pathways(More)
The balanced proliferation and cell cycle exit of neural progenitors, by generating the appropriate amount of postmitotic progeny at the correct time and in the proper location, is required for the establishment of the highly ordered structure of the adult brain. Little is known about the extrinsic signals regulating these processes, particularly in the(More)
BACKGROUND Phototrophy of the extremely halophilic archaeon Halobacterium salinarum was explored for decades. The research was mainly focused on the expression of bacteriorhodopsin and its functional properties. In contrast, less is known about genome wide transcriptional changes and their impact on the physiological adaptation to phototrophy. The tool of(More)
In the present study, the influence of the land use intensity on the diversity of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA) in soils from different grassland ecosystems has been investigated in spring and summer of the season (April and July). Diversity of AOA and AOB was studied by TRFLP fingerprinting of amoA amplicons. The diversity from AOB was(More)
PURPOSE The population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg [Germany]) study was used to evaluate the prevalence of eye diseases and potential interactions with general health status, laboratory data, medication, and genetic background. METHODS In all, 2593 probands, ranging in age from 32 to 71 years (mean: 52 years), were(More)