Gerhard Walter Sybrecht

Learn More
BACKGROUND The application of iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue, by inhalation has been shown to improve hemodynamic variables in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. However, repetitive inhalations are required due to its short-term effects. One potential approach to prolong and increase the vasorelaxant effects of aerosolized iloprost(More)
PURPOSE 18F-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is increasingly applied in the staging of lung cancer (LC). This study analyzes the potential contribution of PET in radiotherapy planning for LC with special respect to tumor-associated atelectasis. METHODS AND MATERIALS Thirty-four patients with histologically confirmed LC, who had been(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate formoterol, an inhaled long-acting beta2-agonist, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Six-hundred and ninety-two COPD patients, mean baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 54%, FEV1/forced vital capacity 75% of predicted, reversibility 6.4% pred, were treated with formoterol(More)
The differentiation of recurrent lung cancer and post-therapeutic changes remains a problem for radiological imaging, but FDG-PET allows biological characterisation of tissues by visualising glucose metabolism. We evaluated the diagnostic performance and prognostic impact of FDG-PET in cases of suspected relapse of lung cancer. In 62 consecutive patients,(More)
Thoracic computed tomography (CT) is an essential component in the preoperative staging of bronchial carcinomas as is mediastinoscopy (MSC) in cases of mediastinal lymphoma. It is known that endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), as a new diagnostic procedure, can predict lymph-node involvement in cases of tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract with an 80%(More)
BACKGROUND The pulmonary circulation is an important site for the production and clearance of endothelin (ET)-1, a potent vasoactive and mitogenic peptide. In healthy individuals, 40% to 50% of circulating ET-1 is removed on each passage through the lungs resulting in an arteriovenous ratio of <1, whereas many patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension(More)
Patients after kidney, heart and lung transplantation differ in their immunosuppressive drug regimens and in susceptibility to infectious complications with cytomegalovirus (CMV). In this study, CMV-specific T-cell responses were characterized in long-term transplant recipients and associated with the frequency of infectious complications. CMV-reactive CD4(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in hemodialysis patients is hampered by reduced sensitivity of the established tuberculin skin test. We investigated whether in vitro quantitation of purified protein derivative (PPD)-specific T cells using a rapid 6-hour assay may represent an alternative approach for detecting latent(More)
The pharmacological actions of methylxanthines such as theophylline and caffeine may be due to blockade of adenosine receptors and/or inhibition of phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities. In the last years, potent xanthines have been developed that display some selectivity for A1 and A2 adenosine receptors. Little is known about the PDE inhibitory potency of(More)
The cancer-associated antigen NY-ESO-1 is expressed in a number of malignancies of different histological type. Patients with NY-ESO-1 expressing tumors have been shown to bear circulating autoantibodies against this antigen. In this study, we have assessed the NY-ESO-I autoantibody response in patients with lung cancer by a serum ELISA. Using a serum(More)