Gerhard W. Eschweiler

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Autobiographical memory includes the retrieval of personal semantic data and the remembrance of incident or episodic memories. In retrograde amnesias, it has been observed that recall of autobiographical memories of recent events is poorer than recall of remote memories. Alzheimer's disease (AD) may also be associated with a temporal gradient (TG) in memory(More)
The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and memory. Several recent studies have demonstrated altered BDNF serum levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. However, the association of BDNF serum levels with the rate of cognitive decline in AD patients is still unclear. We(More)
While progressive neurocognitive impairments are associated with aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), cortical reorganization might delay difficulties in effortful word retrieval, which represent one of the earliest cognitive signs of AD. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we investigated cortical hemodynamic responses elicited by(More)
BACKGROUND Aging processes and several vascular burden factors have been shown to increase the risk of dementia including Alzheimer's disease. While pathological alterations in dementia precede diagnosis by many years, reorganization of brain processing might temporarily delay cognitive decline. We hypothesized that in healthy elderly individuals both(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) are common forms of dementia in the elderly. Recent findings have suggested an involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of AD. BDNF is an endogenous protein involved in the maintenance of neuronal function, synaptic plasticity and structural integrity in the(More)
Fibromyalgia (FM) is still often viewed as a psychosomatic disorder. However, the increased pain sensitivity to stimuli in FM patients is not an "imagined" histrionic phenomena. Pain, which is consistently felt in the musculature, is related to specific abnormalities in the CNS pain matrix. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an endogenous protein(More)
Retrograde memory decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been evaluated using tests of past public knowledge, such as famous personalities and events, and tests of autobiographical memory. Reports of temporal gradients (TG) in retrograde amnesia have been inconclusive. Here, we compared the remembrance of famous historic(More)
A wide range of vascular burden factors has been identified to impact vascular function and structure as indicated by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). On the basis of their impact on IMT, vascular factors may be selected and clustered in a vascular burden index (VBI). Since many vascular factors increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a(More)
[(11)C]PIB ((11)C-6-OH benzothiazole) reflects the regional distribution of amyloid (beta-sheeted proteins) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Proteinaceous inclusions in Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD), so-called Lewy bodies, also consist of fibrillar, misfolded proteins, chiefly alpha-synuclein. To test whether PDD subjects show specific(More)
BACKGROUND Mild parkinsonian signs (MPS) are common in the elderly population, and have been associated with vascular diseases, mild cognitive impairment and dementia; however their relation to Parkinson's disease (PD) is unclear. Hypothesizing that individuals with MPS may reflect a pre-stage of PD, i.e. a stage in which the nigrostriatal system is already(More)