Gerhard Rakhorst

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Endothelial dysfunction is important in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. No study has examined endothelial function sequentially at different gestations before development of the clinical syndrome and after delivery (to compare maternal from placental influences). We sought to determine whether endothelial function changes before the clinical(More)
In this paper, a new method of determining spatial and temporal gait parameters by using centre of pressure (CoP) data is presented. A treadmill is used which was developed to overcome limitations of regular methods for the analysis of spatio-temporal gait parameters and ground reaction forces during walking and running. The design of the treadmill is based(More)
BACKGROUND Transient, subclinical myocardial, renal, intestinal, and hepatic tissue injury and impaired homeostasis is detectable even in low-risk patients undergoing conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Small extracorporeal closed circuits with low priming volumes and optimized perfusion have been developed to reduce deleterious effects of CPB. (More)
Skin autofluorescence (AF) for the non-invasive assessment of the amount of accumulated tissue Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) increases with aging. In subjects with darker skin colors, measurements typically result in lower AF values than in subjects with fair skin colors, e.g. due to selective absorption by skin compounds. Our aim was to provide a(More)
To overcome the present shortage of liver donors by expansion of the existing donor pool and possibly lengthening of the storage time, hypothermic machine perfusion of the liver as a dynamic preservation method is revisited. The three most important aspects are defined to be the type of preservation solution, the characteristics of perfusion dynamics, and(More)
The standardisation of manoeuvres to perform clinically discriminative microvascular flow reserve tests is still poorly developed, as well as the response analysis. The aim of this study was to establish a reproducible analysis method for the post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia (PORH) test measured using laser Doppler perfusion monitoring (LDPM). LDPM data(More)
Donor shortage urges optimal use of all lungs available. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a method to evaluate lung function before implantation. EVLP was performed in pigs to evaluate lung function, using two different clinical non-heart-beating (NHS) donor protocols: flush perfusion and topical cooling after 1-h warm ischaemia (n = 5 each). Secondly, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess endothelial function at the level of skin microvasculature, using iontophoretic administration of acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent vasodilator) and sodium nitroprusside (endothelium-independent vasodilator), in women who recently had a preeclamptic pregnancy. METHODS Microvascular skin reactivity was assessed by laser Doppler(More)
In conventional cold-storage organ preservation, the donor organ is flushed with University of Wisconsin (UW) solution at 0-4 degrees C. The initial flush is used to wash out blood from the microcirculation to allow optimal preservation with the UW solution. The component hydroxyethyl starch (HES) of UW is known to cause relatively high viscosity and a(More)
OBJECTIVE To study graft function and ischemia/reperfusion injury of porcine kidneys after preservation with the new Groningen Machine Perfusion (GMP) system versus static cold storage (CS). INTRODUCTION The increasing proportion of marginal and nonheart beating donors necessitates better preservation methods to maintain adequate graft viability.(More)