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BACKGROUND This study examined whether a program for relapse prevention (PRP) is more effective than treatment as usual (TAU) in reducing relapse and rehospitalization rates among outpatients with schizophrenia. METHODS Eighty-two outpatients with DSM-III-R schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were randomly assigned to receive either PRP(More)
A retrospective study of 310 patients with carcinoma of the head of the pancreas or periampullary region was performed. Preoperative bile drainage by placement of a stent reduced the number of postoperative complications, especially bleeding (P = 0.03). The operative mortality rate was nil in patients with periampullary cancer aged under 70 years and 23 per(More)
PURPOSE To report the 3-year postoperative safety and efficacy outcomes of the Acufocus corneal inlay. SETTING University Eye Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria. DESIGN Prospective nonrandomized noncomparative cohort study. METHODS The corneal inlay was implanted in the nondominant eye of naturally emmetropic presbyopic patients.(More)
The clinical and radiological findings in 19 patients with primary duodenal malignancy are described. Weight loss, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting were the main symptoms. Diagnosis was made by endoscopy or ERCP (71%) or by barium studies (68%). In retrospect the tumour was visible in 97% of the studies. Tumour growth was longitudinal, circular or(More)
In a prospective study, the complications observed in 242 consecutive patients after endoscopic sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones were recorded over a period of up to three months. Patients with previous gastric surgery, papillotomy, or additional pancreato-biliary disease other than gallbladder stones were excluded. The overall complication rate(More)
Between 1974 and 1989, 411 patients with pathologically and anatomically proven carcinoma of the head of the pancreas underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). According to the localization of the tumor, these patients were divided into those with a cranially, centrally (periductally), caudally, or indeterminately localized tumor. In(More)
The findings from endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) and secretin-CCK test data were compared in 69 patients: 36 with chronic pancreatitis, 9 with possible chronic pancreatitis, and 24 without chronic pancreatic disease. The ERP findings were also compared with the histologic changes in pancreatic tissue in 18 patients who underwent pancreatic(More)
  • Gerhard Nix
  • RoFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der…
  • 1981
During a retrospective analysis of about 1000 ERCP investigations pancreatic fistulas were found in 14 patients. There is a relationship between proximal stenosis of the pancreatic duct, inflammatory cavities of the pancreas and the development of fistulas. Pancreatic fistulas can be blind, can open into various spaces in the body or can be attached to the(More)
Two hundred twenty patients with a carcinoma in the head of the pancreas were divided into three tumor diameter groups: group 1, 0.5 to 4.4 cm (n = 72); group 2, 4.5 to 6.0 cm (n = 77); and group 3, 6.1 to 15.0 cm (n = 71). For these tumor diameter groups a six-fold eliminatory curability analysis was performed. Of the patients with liver metastases in(More)
Non-surgical methods to treat patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction are endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage and ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. During a 2 year evaluation a total of 144 patients were admitted with malignant biliary obstruction: 93 with a mid- or distal common bile duct stenosis; 51 patients(More)