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The amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its paralogs, amyloid precursor-like protein 1 (APLP1) and APLP2, are metalloproteins with a putative role both in synaptogenesis and in maintaining synapse structure. Here, we studied the effect of zinc on membrane localization, adhesion, and secretase cleavage of APP, APLP1, and APLP2 in cell culture and rat(More)
The chaperone system formed by DnaK, DnaJ and GrpE mediates stress-dependent negative modulation of the Escherichia coli heat shock response, probably through association with the heat shock promoter-specific sigma32 subunit of RNA polymerase. Interactions of the DnaK system with sigma32 were analysed. DnaJ and DnaK bind free, but not RNA polymerase-bound,(More)
In the accompanying paper (Ziegelbauer, K., and Overath, P. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 10791-10796), two invariant surface glycoproteins, ISG65 and ISG75, were identified in the mammalian stage of the parasitic protozoan, Trypanosoma brucei. In this study, the genes coding for these proteins have been isolated. Their nucleotide sequence suggests no(More)
Intracellular amastigotes of the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana secrete a macromolecular proteophosphoglycan (aPPG) into the phagolysosome of their host cell, the mammalian macrophage. The structures of aPPG glycans were analyzed by a combination of high pH anion exchange high pressure liquid chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,(More)
The duck hepatitis B virus model system was used to elucidate the characteristics of receptor (carboxypeptidase D, gp180) interaction with polypeptides representing the receptor binding site in the preS part of the large viral surface protein. We demonstrate the pivotal role of carboxypeptidase D for virus entry and show its C-domain represents the virus(More)
beta-Secretase (BACE) initiates the amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein leading to the generation of the beta-amyloid, the main component of Alzheimer's disease senile plaques. BACE is a type I transmembrane aspartyl protease of 501 amino acids. Here we describe a novel BACE mRNA lacking 132 base pairs that is expressed in the pancreas(More)
Although soluble species of the amyloid-β peptide Aβ42 correlate with disease symptoms in Alzheimer disease, little is known about the biological activities of amyloid-β (Aβ). Here, we show that Aβ peptides varying in lengths from 38 to 43 amino acids are internalized by cultured neuroblastoma cells and can be found in the nucleus. By three independent(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolites (amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides) and Tau are the main components of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, the two histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer disease. Consequently, intense research has focused upon deciphering their physiological roles to understand their altered state in Alzheimer disease(More)
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides leading to deposition of senile plaques and a progressive decline of cognitive functions, which currently remains the main criterion for its diagnosis. Robust biomarkers for AD do not yet exist, although changes in the cerebrospinal fluid levels of(More)
Numerous studies have implicated the abnormal accumulation of intraneuronal amyloid-β (Aβ) as an important contributor to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, capable of triggering neuroinflammation, tau hyperphosphorylation and cognitive deficits. However, the occurrence and pathological relevance of intracellular Aβ remain a matter of controversial debate.(More)