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A negative relationship between intelligence and fertility in the United States has been described repeatedly, but little is known about the mechanisms that are responsible for this effect. Using data from the NLSY79, we investigate this issue separately for Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites and Hispanics. The major findings are: (1) Differential fertility would(More)
Vasopressin and related peptides cause short-lasting hypothermia when injected into the lateral ventricle of the rat. In the present study, the structure-activity relationships for the induction of this effect were examined. For the agonist peptides studies, the structural requirements were found to be similar to those required to cause peripheral(More)
The neurohypophyseal hormones oxytocin and vasopressin cause a variety of biological effects in animals which are mediated by central nervous system mechanisms. Among the best studied of these effects is the modulation of both memory processes and the development of drug tolerance and dependence. Neurohypophyseal hormones have also been shown to alter(More)
The neurohypophyseal hormones oxytocin and vasopressin evoke characteristic behavioral changes after intracerebroventricular injection in mice. These included the induction of excessive grooming and scratching in an unrestricted environment and of escape behavior in stressful situations. The structure-activity relations of 33 neurohypophyseal hormones and(More)
The tridecapeptide neurotensin (NT) induces a variety of behavioral changes in animals. The present study characterizes the behavioral hypoactivity observed after intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection in mice. At doses higher than 25 ng, NT induced a reduction of general motor activity and increases in immobility which lasted for about one hour. The(More)
Neurohypophyseal hormones and related peptides cause behavioural alterations after intracerebroventricular injection in mice. In the present study, these effects, consisting of excessive grooming and scratching, and of escape-directed activity in stressful situations, could easily be distinguished from those of other centrally acting peptides and drugs by(More)
The acute behavioral effects of some neurohypophyseal hormones after intracerebroventricular injection in mice were examined. The effects, consisting mainly of a dose-dependent stimulation of certain behaviors, were demonstrated in three different behavioral tests. The type of the induced behaviors was dependent on the experimental conditions: If the mice(More)