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A negative relationship between intelligence and fertility in the United States has been described repeatedly, but little is known about the mechanisms that are responsible for this effect. Using data from the NLSY79, we investigate this issue separately for Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites and Hispanics. The major findings are: (1) Differential fertility would(More)
Vasopressin and related peptides cause short-lasting hypothermia when injected into the lateral ventricle of the rat. In the present study, the structure-activity relationships for the induction of this effect were examined. For the agonist peptides studies, the structural requirements were found to be similar to those required to cause peripheral(More)
The neurohypophyseal hormones oxytocin and vasopressin evoke characteristic behavioral changes after intracerebroventricular injection in mice. These included the induction of excessive grooming and scratching in an unrestricted environment and of escape behavior in stressful situations. The structure-activity relations of 33 neurohypophyseal hormones and(More)
The neurohypophyseal hormones oxytocin and vasopressin cause a variety of biological effects in animals which are mediated by central nervous system mechanisms. Among the best studied of these effects is the modulation of both memory processes and the development of drug tolerance and dependence. Neurohypophyseal hormones have also been shown to alter(More)
This paper describes two studies about the determinants of attitudes to pre-implantation genetic screening in a multicultural sample of medical students from the United States. Sample sizes were 292 in study 1 and 1464 in study 2. Attitudes were of an undifferentiated nature, but respondents did make a major distinction between use for disease prevention(More)
This paper examines the relationship of the national IQs reported by Lynn & Vanhanen (2002, 2006) to national achievement in mathematics and science among 8th graders in 67 countries. The correlation between the two is 0.92 and is interpreted as establishing the validity of the national IQs. The correlation is so high that national IQs and educational(More)
Aversive properties of bombesin were determined in the conditioned place-preference paradigm in rats and compared with the effects on spontaneous behavior. Bombesin induced excessive grooming and/or scratching behavior at doses of 80 ng, 400 ng, and 2.0 micrograms ICV. In the conditioned place-preference paradigm, doses of 400 ng and 2.0 micrograms ICV(More)