Gerhard Lonnemann

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We examined whether the synthesis of interleukin-1 or tumor necrosis factor, two cytokines with potent inflammatory activities, is influenced by dietary supplementation with n-3 fatty acids. Nine healthy volunteers added 18 g of fish-oil concentrate per day to their normal Western diet for six weeks. We used a radioimmunoassay to measure interleukin-1 (IL-1(More)
Interleukins (IL) -1 beta and -1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) were measured by radioimmunoassay in plasma samples from 44 healthy individuals, 15 patients in septic shock, and 6 volunteers infused with endotoxin. Plasma IL-1 alpha levels were low (40 pg/ml) or undetectable in all situations. In 67% of the healthy subjects, plasma IL-1 beta(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and immunological properties of interleukin-10 (IL-10) administration in healthy humans. Volunteers received a single intravenous bolus injection of recombinant human IL-10 (1, 10, or 25μg/kg) or placebo. Cytokine production in whole blood and peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that nonselective plasma adsorption by a hydrophobic resin (coupled plasmafiltration and adsorption) could improve hemodynamics and restore leukocyte responsiveness in patients with septic shock. DESIGN Prospective, pilot, crossover clinical trial. SETTING General intensive care unit in a teaching hospital. SUBJECTS(More)
The role of bacterial contamination of dialysis water with respect to chronic inflammatory diseases associated with long-term hemodialysis therapy has been greatly underestimated in the last two decades. In the present article, recent multicenter studies assessing the bacteriological quality of water and dialysate are discussed. In addition, we describe(More)
BACKGROUND In the treatment of acute renal failure in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) are increasingly used because of excellent volume control in the presence of improved cardiovascular stability. Patients with MODS, however, are frequently catabolic and have a high urea generation(More)
BACKGROUND Increased blood levels of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) predict cardiovascular mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. Despite its low molecular weight, available information on the impact of hemodialysis (HD) on ADMA plasma levels is controversial. METHODS We assessed plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is associated with enhanced cytokine production. Here, we examined the in vitro removal of plasma cytokines during continuous plasmafiltration coupled with sorbent adsorption. METHODS Proinflammatory (tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukins-1, -8) and anti-inflammatory (interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, soluble tumour necrosis factor(More)
The available data on the pathophysiology of beta(2)-microglobulin amyloidosis (beta(2)mA) suggest that this progressive disease associated with end-stage renal failure develops in several consecutive phases. First, declining kidney function leads to retention of beta(2) microglobulin (beta(2)m) and its deposition preferentially in the synovial tissue of(More)
UNLABELLED Uremia is associated with suppressed cellular immune responses, manifested, in part, by impaired interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) production. We investigated the influence of kidney function on plasma levels of interleukin-18 binding protein (IL-18BP), the naturally occurring inhibitor of IL-18. METHODS Plasma levels of IL-18, IL-18BP and IFNgamma(More)