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Depletion of endogenous inorganic sulfate can have pronounced effects on the elimination kinetics and metabolic fate of phenolic drugs. Our purpose was to determine the effects of acetaminophen (which is partly metabolized to acetaminophen sulfate), ascorbic acid (subject to more limited sulfation than acetaminophen), and sodium sulfate (useful for sulfate(More)
Free and total (sum of free and protein bound) salicylate concentrations in serum were determined in 17 children (age: 4-17 years) with definite juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. These measurements were carried out immediately before and 2, 4, and 8 hours after the morning dose during a strict 8 hourly aspirin treatment regimen (regular tablets) started 5 days(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if certain physiologic parameters (plasma bilirubin concentration and urinary excretion rate of D-glucaric acid) can be used to predict a newborn infant's ability to eliminate a phenolic drug, and particularly to predict the ability to conjugate that drug with glucuronic acid. Tweleve healthy 2- to 3-day-old(More)
The renal clearances of acetaminophen, acetaminophen glucuronide, and acetaminophen sulfate were determined in eight healthy adults 2 h after administration of 1.5 g of acetaminophen. The renal clearance ratios (relative to creatinine) were 0.058 +/- 0.026, 0.890 +/- 0.153, and 1.43 +/- 0.250 (mean +/- SD), respectively. The renal clearance of acetaminophen(More)
1 The actions of the prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) analogue, U-46619, have been compared with those of PGH2 on thromboxane A2 (TxA2) on a range of isolated smooth muscle preparations in a superfusion cascade system. 2 U-46619 was a potent agonist on guinea-pig lung strip, dog saphenous vein and rat and rabbit aortae. In contrast, U-46619 was weak or inactive on(More)
Inhibition of drug metabolism was studied in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. A hydroxylated metabolite of phenylbutazone (oxyphenbutazone) inhibited the elimination of phenytoin, which is metabolized by oxidative pathways. The biotransformation of a relatively polar and only slightly plasma protein-bound drug, antipyrine, was subject to product inhibition(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if administration of heparin causes displacement of an acidic drug from serum protein binding sites in vivo as has been suggested by several groups of investigators. Rats were injected and infused with phenytoin to produce steady-state serum concentrations of about 25 micrograms/ml. After 2 hr, some of the(More)
  • J H Lin, G Levy
  • 1986
The elimination of large doses of acetaminophen is associated with substantial depletion of endogenous inorganic sulfate which is utilized for the formation of acetaminophen sulfate. This depletion has pronounced dose- and time-dependent effects on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen. The purposes of this investigation were to determine the(More)
The following methods for producing renal dysfunction in rats were compared: single-step 5/6th nephrectomy, two-step 5/6th nephrectomy, bilateral ureteral ligation, and uranyl nitrate injection. Control groups consisted of single- and two-step sham-operated animals and animals that received an injection of normal saline solution. The methods were evaluated(More)