Gerhard Krönke

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of a murine anti-interleukin-6 receptor (anti-IL-6R) antibody in directly blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- and RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS The efficacy of a murine antibody against IL-6R in blocking osteoclast differentiation of mononuclear cells stimulated with RANKL was(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) by lipid-lowering fibrates and insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinediones inhibits vascular inflammation, atherosclerosis, and restenosis. Here we investigate if the vasculoprotective and anti-inflammatory enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is regulated by PPAR ligands in vascular cells. (More)
Blocking TNF effectively inhibits inflammation and structural damage in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, so far it is unclear whether the effect of TNF is a direct one or indirect on up-regulation of other mediators. IL-1 may be one of these candidates because it has a central role in animal models of arthritis, and inhibition of IL-1 is used as a(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in heme degradation, protects against oxidative stress, and shows potent anti-inflammatory effects. Oxidized phospholipids, which are generated during inflammation and apoptosis, modulate the inflammatory response by inducing the expression of several genes including HO-1. Here we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR) is a newly identified osteoclast-specific receptor and is of key importance in the process of osteoclast costimulation. This study was undertaken to define the role of costimulation in osteoclast differentiation during inflammatory arthritis. METHODS OSCAR expression was assessed in the synovium and(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIg) therapy is widely used to treat autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Recent evidence suggests that in mice, splenic resident cells might be important for the anti-inflammatory activity of IVIg in a model of serum transfer arthritis. Splenectomized human immunothrombocytopenia (ITP) patients, however, still respond to(More)
Chronic inflammatory bone diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis and periodontal disease, demonstrate the major impact of chronic inflammation on both bone metabolism and bone architecture. During the past decade, scientists have gained increasing insight into the link between inflammation and bone. As a result of new(More)
Eicosanoids are essential mediators of the inflammatory response and contribute both to the initiation and the resolution of inflammation. Leukocyte-type 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) represents a major enzyme involved in the generation of a subclass of eicosanoids, including the anti-inflammatory lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)). Nevertheless, the impact of 12/15-LO(More)
Vascular damage and platelet activation are associated with tissue remodeling in diseases such as systemic sclerosis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this association have not been identified. In this study, we show that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) stored in platelets strongly induces extracellular matrix synthesis in interstitial(More)
Maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) induced by pathogen-derived signals via TLRs is a crucial step in the initiation of an adaptive immune response and therefore has to be well controlled. In this study, we demonstrate that oxidized phospholipids (ox-PLs), which are generated during infections, apoptosis, and tissue damage, interfere with DC activation,(More)