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Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is an attractive method for clinically monitoring patients during mechanical ventilation, because it can provide a non-invasive continuous image of pulmonary impedance which indicates the distribution of ventilation. However, most clinical and physiological research in lung EIT is done using older and proprietary(More)
The pyramidal lobe could be a source of pitfalls in thyroidectomy, due to its frequency but unreliable preoperative diagnosis on scintigraphic images. Special attention has to be paid to the pyramidal lobe to avoid leavings of residual tissue when complete removal of the thyroid is indicated. Sixty cadaveric specimens were examined with special emphasis to(More)
Breathing moves volumes of electrically insulating air into and out of the lungs, producing conductivity changes which can be seen by electrical impedance tomography (EIT). It has thus been apparent, since the early days of EIT research, that imaging of ventilation could become a key clinical application of EIT. In this paper, we review the current state(More)
Time difference EIT is useful if the positions of the electrodes are poorly known, as it allows image reconstruction of reasonable quality even when, as is often the case, EIT data from the thorax is reconstructed onto a 2D circular model. However, even though inaccurate models may (and often are) used, there is a significant penalty in terms of(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a low-cost, noninvasive and radiation free medical imaging modality for monitoring ventilation distribution in the lung. Although such information could be invaluable in preventing ventilator-induced lung injury in mechanically ventilated patients, clinical application of EIT is hindered by difficulties in(More)
There is emerging evidence that the ventilation strategy used in acute lung injury (ALI) makes a significant difference in outcome and that an inappropriate ventilation strategy may produce ventilator-associated lung injury. Most harmful during mechanical ventilation are lung overdistension and lung collapse or atelectasis. Electrical impedance tomography(More)
– Recently, electrical impedance tomogra-phy (EIT) has begun to see a significant clinical interest for monitoring of ventilated patients. The key capability of EIT is to provide real-time images of the distribution of ventilation in the patient's lungs. However, most clinical and physiological research in lung EIT is done using older and proprietary(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has undergone 30 years of development. Functional chest examinations with this technology are considered clinically relevant, especially for monitoring regional lung ventilation in mechanically ventilated patients and for regional pulmonary function testing in patients with chronic lung diseases. As EIT becomes an(More)