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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although many stroke patients are young or middle-aged, risk factor profiles in these age groups are poorly understood. METHODS The Stroke in Young Fabry Patients (sifap1) study prospectively recruited a large multinational European cohort of patients with cerebrovascular events aged 18 to 55 years to establish their prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Stroke is the leading cause of seizures and epilepsy in the elderly. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of post-stroke epilepsy (PSE) based on the revised epilepsy definition of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) in a population-based study and to describe possible predictors. METHODS Data from the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Strokes have especially devastating implications if they occur early in life; however, only limited information exists on the characteristics of acute cerebrovascular disease in young adults. Although risk factors and manifestation of atherosclerosis are commonly associated with stroke in the elderly, recent data suggests different(More)
Limited axonal plasticity within the central nervous system (CNS) is a major restriction for functional recovery after CNS injury. The small GTPase RhoA is a key molecule of the converging downstream cascade that leads to the inhibition of axonal re-growth. The Rho-pathway integrates growth inhibitory signals derived from extracellular cues, such as(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently shown that ischemic stroke causes a stress-mediator-induced long-lasting immunodepressive state in mice. METHODS Using head magnetic resonance imaging and standardized immunoassays, we prospectively investigated whether poststroke immunodepression is also seen in humans. RESULTS Compared to healthy volunteers (n = 30), a(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular lesions of the posterolateral thalamus typically result in a somatosensory syndrome in which some patients develop central neuropathic post-stroke pain (CPSP). Damage to the spinothalamic tract terminus is assumed to be a prerequisite for thalamic CPSP. At the nuclear level, it remains a matter of debate whether the ventral posterolateral(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the 12 months medical resource use following admission to hospital with acute stroke and to calculate costs from a societal perspective. Data of consecutive patients with confirmed stroke were analysed. Acute hospital data were taken from medical records, socio-demographic variables from patients' interviews. A(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Educating the public to screen for vascular risk factors and have them treated is a major public health issue. We assessed the vascular risk factor awareness and frequency of treatment in a cohort of patients with cerebral ischaemia. METHODS Data on awareness and pharmacological treatment of vascular risk factors before hospital(More)
Cortical representations may change when somatosensory input is altered. Here, we investigated the functional consequences of partial "central" deafferentation of the somatosensory cortex due to a lesion of the ventroposterior lateral nucleus (VPL) in patients at a chronic stage after solitary infarction of the thalamus. Event-related functional magnetic(More)
The burden of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is huge and therapeutic options are limited. Physical activity is effective in preventing coronary heart and peripheral artery disease both experimentally and clinically. It is likely that the protective effects of exercise can be extended to both CVD and cognitive impairment. The pleiotropic protective and(More)