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BACKGROUND An intense debate is ongoing regarding options for fertility protection in oncological patients. Germ cell transplantation has been applied to restore mouse spermatogenesis. Here, an attempt to apply autologous germ cell transplantation to a primate animal model is described. METHODS Five adult male cynomolgus monkeys were biopsied to retrieve(More)
This study examined the effect of GnRH-antagonist (GnRH-A)-induced gonadotrophin withdrawal on numbers of germ cells in adult cynomolgus monkeys and aimed to identify the site of the earliest spermatogenic lesion(s) produced. Animals received either GnRH-A (Cetrorelix; 450 micrograms kg-1 day-1 s.c.; n = 5) or vehicle (control, n = 4) for 25 days. One(More)
Germ cell transplantation is a potentially valuable technique offering oncological patients gonadal protection by reinitiating spermatogenesis from stem cells which were reinfused into the seminiferous tubules. In order to achieve an intratubular germ cell transfer, intratubular microinjection, efferent duct injections and rete testis injections were(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) was localized immunohistochemically after different hormonal treatments in the ventral prostate, coagulating gland, seminal vesicle and epididymis of the adult rat. In the untreated controls AR-immunoreactivity was confined to the cell nuclei. One week after castration or treatment with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone(More)
Spermatogenesis is a precisely controlled and timed process comprising mitotic divisions of spermatogonia, meiotic divisions of spermatocytes, and the maturation and differentiation of haploid spermatids. Cell proliferation is controlled by genes involved in the regulation of the cell cycle. Among the principal regulatory proteins are cyclins, which are(More)
This study evaluated the effect of bilateral testicular irradiation (2 Gy) on reproductive hormones, testicular volume (TV) and sperm parameters in six adult cynomolgus monkeys. Hormone levels (FSH, inhibin B and testosterone (T)) were determined to find the most valuable endocrine marker of irradiation-induced damage. All parameters were analysed at weekly(More)
Spermatogenesis is a complex developmental process that occurs in several phases. A large number of genes have been identified that are expressed during spermatogenesis, but the biological significance of many of these is not yet known. We have used gene targeting to selectively eliminate the transcription factor CREM (cyclic AMP- responsive element(More)
The immunohistochemical localization of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) has become a widely used method for the detection of proliferating cells in cancerous tissues. PCNA expression is maximal around the S phase of the cell cycle. This study has evaluated the applicability of PCNA localization for the analysis of germ cell proliferation in rats,(More)
The common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus, is the smallest nonhuman primate commonly used in biomedical research. Marmoset characteristics and propensities have enabled them to be used in a wide range of research as a model of human disease, physiology, drug metabolism, general toxicology, and reproductive biology. This paper provides a general overview of(More)
The measurement of serum FSH is useful in the diagnostic workup of the infertile male, but fails to predict the presence of sperm in testicular tissue. We investigated whether inhibin B reflects testicular morphology and the presence of sperm more accurately than FSH. Serum inhibin B and gonadotropin levels were determined in 91 infertile men undergoing(More)