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A retrospective survey of 7 European centers involving 20 surgeons who undertook 1,236 laparoscopic cholecystectomies was performed. The procedure was completed in 1,191 patients. Conversion to open cholecystectomy was necessary in 45 patients (3.6%) either because of technical difficulty (n = 33), the onset of complications (n = 11), or instrument failure(More)
BACKGROUND Common video systems for laparoscopy provide the surgeon a two-dimensional image (2D), where information on spatial depth can be derived only from secondary spatial depth cues and experience. Although the advantage of stereoscopy for surgical task efficiency has been clearly shown, several attempts to introduce three-dimensional (3D) video(More)
A new transanal endoscopic operative technique permits microsurgery in the rectal cavity and the placing of surgical sutures. Compared with other procedures this one is non-aggressive, and there were not postoperative complications in twelve cases. A stereoscopic optical system, a new operating rectoscope and special surgical instruments, as well as a(More)
Surgery of the lower third of the rectum can be done without difficulty through the anus using an endoscopical approach. Polyps or tumors located in the upper two thirds of the rectum can be removed using the Mason or Kraske procedure, or by the transabdominal approach. A new endoscopic technique has been developed with the aim, to allow surgery in the(More)
The anatomy of the pelvis makes it difficult to perform local excisions in the rectum when the tumor is some distance from the anal verge. We have, therefore, developed a new minimally invasive technique for tumor resection. A rectoscope with a 40-mm diameter permits tumor resection under stereoscopic control in the gas-dilated rectal cavity. Excisions in(More)
In endoscopic surgery, the ability to guide the instrument is significantly decreased compared with open surgery. Rigid laparoscopic instruments offer only four of the six degrees of freedom required for the free handling of objects in space. Robotics technology can be used to restore full mobility of the endoscopic instrument. Therefore, we designed a(More)
BACKGROUND The EURO-NOTES Clinical Registry (ECR) was established as a European database to allow the monitoring and safe introduction of Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES). The aim of this study was to analyze different techniques applied and relative results during the first 2 years of the ECR. METHODS The ECR was designed as a(More)
BACKGROUND Local therapy of early rectal carcinoma has become an alternative to the classical radical operation which has a higher morbidity and mortality rate. METHODS Rectal carcinoma was treated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in 113 patients. The indications for the procedure were pT1 low-risk tumour, advanced tumour in high-risk patients,(More)
BACKGROUND The Radius Surgical System is a manual manipulator with two additional degrees of freedom compared with conventional laparoscopic instruments (CLIs). This study aimed to compare the performance of laparoscopic suturing tasks with the use of the Radius Surgical System and CLIs, respectively. METHODS Five experienced laparoscopic surgeons(More)