Gerhard Ehninger

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Constitutive activation of the FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase, either by internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane region or by point mutations in the second tyrosine kinase domain (TKD), has been described in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). We analyzed the prevalence and the potential prognostic impact of FLT3 mutations in 979(More)
BACKGROUND All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with chemotherapy is the standard of care for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), resulting in cure rates exceeding 80%. Pilot studies of treatment with arsenic trioxide with or without ATRA have shown high efficacy and reduced hematologic toxicity. METHODS We conducted a phase 3, multicenter trial comparing ATRA(More)
Mutations of the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene have recently been described in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To clarify the prevalence as well as the clinical impact of this mutation, we investigated 1485 patients with AML for NPM1 exon 12 mutations using fragment analysis. A 4 bp insert was detected in 408 of 1485 patients (27.5%). Sequence(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have been shown to mediate immunomodulatory effects. They have been used in patients with steroid-refractory acute GVHD (aGVHD), but their relevance as a therapeutic agent targeting aGVHD has still to be defined. In this case series, we report 13 patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD who received BM-derived MSC expanded in platelet(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate prognostic factors for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) and to assess the impact of different postremission therapies in adult patients with core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemias (AML). PATIENTS AND METHODS Individual patient data-based meta-analysis was performed on 392 adults (median age, 42 years;(More)
Culture-based preemptive therapy with ganciclovir was shown to reduce the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Culture techniques did not detect CMV in 12% to 13% of patients before the onset of CMV disease. In a prospective study, 71 patients either received preemptive therapy based on polymerase chain(More)
Numerous applications in clinical medicine and forensic sciences depend on reliable data concerning the frequencies of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and haplotypes. Assuming a Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of the underlying population, these frequencies can be estimated from phenotype data using an expectation-maximization-algorithm also known under the(More)
PURPOSE Mutations leading to constitutive activation of the FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 receptor (FLT3) occur in blasts of 30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Midostaurin (PKC412; N-benzoylstaurosporin) is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with demonstrated activity in patients with AML/myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with FLT3(More)
PURPOSE Evaluate the impact of BAALC (brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic), a gene whose expression has been associated with adverse outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with normal cytogenetics, and FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations as independent prognostic factors in a larger study. PATIENTS AND METHODS BAALC expression was(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in the treatment of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the data of 399 patients with AML in first hematological relapse after HSCT whose treatment did (n = 171) or did not (n =(More)