Gerhard E. Krammer

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An obscure sesquiterpene, rotundone, has been identified as a hitherto unrecognized important aroma impact compound with a strong spicy, peppercorn aroma. Excellent correlations were observed between the concentration of rotundone and the mean 'black pepper' aroma intensity rated by sensory panels for both grape and wine samples, indicating that rotundone(More)
Products made from Herba Santa (Eriodictyon californicum (H. & A.) Torr.) have been used as bitter remedies for some pharmaceutical applications for many years, but they are actually too aromatic to be useful for many food or pharmaceutical applications. In sensory studies flavanones homoeriodictyol (1), its sodium salt (1-Na), sterubin (2), and eriodictyol(More)
Excessive intake of dietary salt (sodium chloride) may increase the risk of chronic diseases. Accordingly, various strategies to reduce salt intake have been conducted. This study aimed to investigate whether a salty-congruent odor can enhance saltiness on the basis of psychophysical (Experiment 1) and neuroanatomical levels (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1,(More)
Polyphenol-rich plant extracts have been shown to possess anti-inflammatory activity against oral pathogen-induced cytokine release in model systems of inflammation. Here, it was hypothesized that a flavanone-rich extract of E. angustifolium exhibits an anti-inflammatory potential against endotoxin-induced inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts(More)
SCOPE Dietary intake of capsaicin has been shown to reduce body weight by increasing energy expenditure, and to enhance alertness and mood by stimulating the brain's reward system. Binding of capsaicin to the vanilloid receptor 1 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1)) is one of the major cellular mechanisms responsible(More)
Red pepper and its major pungent component, capsaicin, have been associated with hypolipidemic effects in rats, although mechanistic studies on the effects of capsaicin and/or structurally related compounds on lipid metabolism are scarce. In this work, the effects of capsaicin and its structural analog nonivamide, the aliphatic alkamide trans-pellitorine(More)
Red pepper and its major pungent principle, capsaicin (CAP), have been shown to be effective anti-obesity agents by reducing energy intake, enhancing energy metabolism, decreasing serum triacylglycerol content, and inhibiting adipogenesis via activation of the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1). However, the binding of(More)
Starting from previous structure-activity relationship studies of taste modifiers based on homoeriodictyol, dihydrochalcones, deoxybenzoins, and trans-3-hydroxyflavones as obvious analogues were investigated for their masking effect against caffeine. The most active compounds of the newly investigated taste modifiers were phloretin, the related(More)
SCOPE Inflammation-related diseases are a worldwide problem. The counteraction of inflammation with compounds activating the trigeminal nerve is one strategy to fight these diseases. Known trigeminally active compounds found in black or red pepper are the tingling t-pellitorine, the pungent capsaicin, and the less pungent nonivamide. The presented study(More)
SCOPE Since bolus administration of capsaicin has been shown to reduce appetite and ad libitum energy intake, this study elucidated the satiating effect of the less pungent capsaicin analog, nonivamide, on subjective feelings of hunger, ad libitum food intake, and satiating hormones in moderately overweight male subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS Following a(More)