Gerhard C Schuler

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BACKGROUND Intracoronary administration of an abciximab bolus during a primary percutaneous coronary intervention results in a high local drug concentration, improved perfusion, and reduction of infarct size compared with intravenous bolus application. However, the safety and efficacy of intracoronary versus standard intravenous bolus application in(More)
Skeletal muscle provides a fundamental basis for human function, enabling locomotion and respiration. Transmission of external stimuli to intracellular effector proteins via signalling pathways is a highly regulated and controlled process that determines muscle mass by balancing protein synthesis and protein degradation. An impaired balance between protein(More)
The chromosome 9p21 (Chr9p21) locus of coronary artery disease has been identified in the first surge of genome-wide association and is the strongest genetic factor of atherosclerosis known today. Chr9p21 encodes the long non-coding RNA (ncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL). ANRIL expression is associated with the Chr9p21 genotype and(More)
BACKGROUND In current international guidelines the recommendation for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use has been downgraded in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction on the basis of registry data. In the largest randomised trial (IABP-SHOCK II), IABP support did not reduce 30 day mortality compared with control. However, previous(More)
OBJECTIVE Function and availability of circulating progenitor cells (CPC) have been shown to be impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze possible mechanisms leading to the reduction of CPC amount and function. METHODS AND RESULTS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) of healthy donors(More)
BACKGROUND A hypointense core of infarcted myocardium in T2-weighted cardiovascular MRI (CMR) has been used as a noninvasive marker for intramyocardial hemorrhage. However, the clinical significance of such findings not yet been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate determinants and prognostic impact of a hypointense infarct core in T2-weighted(More)
OBJECTIVE In acute myocardial infarction, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows for quantifying the extent of salvaged myocardium after reperfusion as a potential strong end point for clinical trials. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the early prognostic significance of myocardial salvage assessed by CMR is sustained at long-term(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether steady-state free precession (SSFP) could improve accuracy of geometric models for evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function in comparison to turbo gradient echo (TGrE) and thereby reduce the acquisition and post-processing times, which are commonly long by use of the Simpson's Rule. In 25 subjects, cine(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic heart failure (CHF), cachexia is a hallmark of the terminal stage of this disease and is associated with a severely reduced quality of life and poor prognosis. Therapeutic options are currently not available. Ghrelin and its analogues BIM-28125 and BIM-28131 (now known as RM-131) have been shown to increase weight in a rat model of(More)
OBJECTIVE We established the Leipzig (LIFE) Heart Study, a biobank and database of patients with different stages of coronary artery disease (CAD) for studies of clinical, metabolic, cellular and genetic factors of cardiovascular diseases. DESIGN The Leipzig (LIFE) Heart Study (NCT00497887) is an ongoing observational angiographic study including subjects(More)