Gerhard Best

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This study demonstrates, for the first time, the autolytic enzymes associated with mycobacterial cell walls. Based on the release of radioactivity and ninhydrin-reactive material from isolated cell walls, it was shown that maximum activity occurs during the late log phase of growth and at a buffer pH of about 8.0. Chemical analyses of autolytic digests of(More)
We contrasted the collagen-binding potential of the experimental osteomyelitis pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus strain SMH, to several other strains. These included Cowan 1 (binder), Wood 46 (non-binder) and six capsular variants. These measurements were made using an 125I-collagen binding assay. Formalin-killed S. aureus SMH strongly bound commercial type I(More)
Cell walls isolated from two strains of Blastomyces dermatitidis were examined. Whereas strain Ga-1 was practically avirulent for mice, strain KL-1 produced death by 21 days in 50% of the mice inoculated. Analyses of the trypsin-treated cell walls of the two strains revealed a higher chitin and protein content in strain KL-1, whereas a higher polysaccharide(More)
We studied interleukin-1 (IL-1) secretion by rat peritoneal exudate macrophages stimulated with purified toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). TSST-1 was observed to be a more potent inducer of IL-1 than was endotoxin. The induction of IL-1 secretion by TSST-1 was not blocked by polymyxin B but could be blocked by monoclonal antibodies directed against(More)
The effectiveness of passive immunization was assessed in an infection model of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in which monoclonal antibody to TSS toxin 1 (TSST-1) was administered intravenously to rabbits. Previously implanted infection chambers were inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus strains RN4710 and D4508. The former strain carries the TSST-1 gene on(More)
Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from patients with toxic shock syndrome (TSS) were compared with non-TSS strains of S. aureus with respect to their virulence in rabbits. When the organisms were injected into subcutaneous chambers (perforated polyethylene golf balls) to assess virulence, a rapid mortality was observed with TSS but not with non-TSS strains.(More)