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Phosphorylation of myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase C substrate (MARCKS) in intact cells has been employed as an indicator for activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Specific PKC isoenzymes responsible for MARCKS phosphorylation under physiological conditions, however, remained to be identified. In our present study using stably transfected NIH 3T3(More)
Protein kinase C theta (PKC theta) is known to induce NF-kappa B, an essential transcriptional element in T cell receptor/CD28-mediated interleukin-2 production but also T cell survival. Here we provide evidence that PKC theta is physically and functionally coupled to Akt1 in this signaling pathway. First, T cell receptor/CD3 ligation was sufficient to(More)
T-lymphocyte stimulation requires activation of several protein kinases, including the major phorbol ester receptor protein kinase C (PKC), ultimately leading to induction of lymphokines, such as interleukin-2 (IL-2). The revelant PKC isoforms which are involved in the activation cascades of nuclear transcription factors involved in IL-2 production have not(More)
Expression of constructs encoding fusion proteins of ERK1 and ERK2 containing a C-terminal farnesylation motif (CAAX) is predominantly localized at the cell membrane and was activated by coexpression of constitutively active Ha-RasL61 and epidermal growth factor. Both fusion proteins significantly inhibit the transcriptional activation of a(More)
The predominant expression of protein kinase C (PKC) theta in T cells (J. Biol. Chem. 1993. 268: 4997-5004), its isoenzyme-specific ability to stimulate AP-1 transcriptional activity (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1996. 16: 1842-1850) and the recent discovery of its selective and antigen-dependent colocalization with the contact region between T cells and(More)
Fas receptor-induced apoptosis plays critical roles in immune homeostasis. However, most of the signal transduction events distal to Fas ligation have not been elucidated. Here, we show that Ras is activated following ligation of Fas on lymphoid lines. The activation of Ras is a critical component of this apoptotic pathway, since inhibition of Ras by(More)
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) accumulation is a key event in the development of atherosclerosis, including vein bypass graft arteriosclerosis. Because members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family signal cells to undergo proliferation, differentiation, or apoptosis, we generated PKCdelta knockout mice and performed vein bypass grafts on these animals.(More)
We recently identified Vav as a Ras-activating guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) stimulated by a T-cell antigen receptor-coupled protein tyrosine kinase (PTK). Here, we describe a novel, protein kinase-independent alternative pathway of Vav activation. Phorbol ester, 1,2-diacylglycerol, or ceramide treatment of intact T cells, Vav immunoprecipitates,(More)
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] consists of LDL and apolipoprotein(a), and has been shown to be a major, independent, risk factor for arteriosclerosis and thrombosis in humans. To further elucidate the (patho)physiological function(s) of Lp(a)/apo(a), we searched for new protein ligands, using the yeast two-hybrid system and employing the highly repetitive kringle(More)
Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine kinases play a key role in regulating the differentiation and growth of diverse cell types and, to date, the cloning of seven mammalian PKC genes encoding eight distinct isoforms has been reported. Here we describe the molecular cloning and deduced primary structure of a cDNA encoding a novel(More)