Gerda Karamanlidou

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The present study constitutes the first attempt to construct a photographic map of the polytene chromosomes of Dacus oleae, a pest of the olive tree that causes serious financial damage in all olive oil producing countries. The map was constructed by using the larval fat body cells, the chromosomes of which are representative of the polytene chromosomes of(More)
Lavandula stoechas, a native plant of Greece, is rich in essential oil and fenchone is its major constituent. We examined the effect of the essential oil and its main constituents on soil metabolism and microbial growth. Addition of the essential oil or fenchone to soil samples induced a remarkable increase in soil respiration. This was accompanied by an(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis, isolate 114A, was used in toxicity experiments against the wild population ofthe olive pest Bactroceria oleae (Gmelin). In laboratory experiments, spores and crystals of the B.t. were delivered to the insects with the food. Longevity, oviposition period, number of eggs produced, and percent hatch were recorded. Olive fruits from the(More)
A survey of Bacillus thuringiensis recovered from the environments of olive groves in Greece was carried out. Of 80 soil samples, 24 were found to contain B. thuringiensis with parasporal crystal inclusions; these were tested for toxicity against the olive fruit fly (Dacus oleae). Mortality levels of larvae caused by the different isolates varied from 7 to(More)
Two potential probiotics Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum were evaluated for use in aquaculture as preventive measures against vibriosis. In vitro evaluation of the probiotics using co-culture assays with the pathogen Vibrio anguillarum and testing for the production of antibacterial substances showed the presence of antagonism and confirmed(More)
The antibacterial effect of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis against the fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum was determined in Artemia franciscana nauplii and in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae fed with ten pulses of nauplii enriched with L. lactis. The evaluation of the bactericidal activity of the extracellular products of L. lactis in vitro(More)
The adenine nucleotides, 5'-AMP and 3',5'-cyclic AMP block L cells in the S-phase of the cell cycle. The intracellular level of cyclic AMP is reduced after incubation of cells with 5'-AMP, and rates of uridine transport are increased after incubation with either 5'-AMP or cyclic AMP. On the contrary, cyclic AMP levels are increased and uridine transport(More)
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