Learn More
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can be classified in n-3 fatty acids and n-6 fatty acids, and in westernized diet the predominant dietary PUFAs are n-6 fatty acids. Both types of fatty acids are precursors of signaling molecules with opposing effects, that modulate membrane microdomain composition, receptor signaling and gene expression. The predominant(More)
CD163, also referred to as M130, a member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich family (SRCR) is exclusively expressed on cells of the monocyte lineage. In freshly isolated monocytes the CD14bright CD16+ monocyte subset revealed the highest expression of CD163 among all monocyte subsets. CD163 mRNA and protein expression is up-regulated during macrophage(More)
Excessive uptake of atherogenic lipoproteins such as modified low-density lipoprotein complexes by vascular macrophages leads to foam cell formation, a critical step in atherogenesis. Cholesterol efflux mediated by high-density lipoproteins (HDL) constitutes a protective mechanism against macrophage lipid overloading. The molecular mechanisms underlying(More)
The glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored receptor CD14 plays a major role in the inflammatory response of monocytes to lipopolysaccharide. Here, we describe that ceramide, a constituent of atherogenic lipoproteins, binds to CD14 and induces clustering of CD14 to co-receptors in rafts. In resting cells, CD14 was associated with CD55, the Fcgamma-receptors(More)
Tangier disease (TD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of lipid metabolism. It is characterized by absence of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and deposition of cholesteryl esters in the reticulo-endothelial system with splenomegaly and enlargement of tonsils and lymph nodes. Although low HDL cholesterol is associated with an increased risk for(More)
We report the identification of the full-length cDNA for a novel ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter from human macrophages. The mRNA is of 6.8 kb size and contains an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 2146 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 220 kDa. The predicted protein product is composed of two transmembrane domains and two(More)
BACKGROUND ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are involved in many physiologic processes, such as lipid transport, sterol homeostasis, immune mechanisms, and drug transport, and cause various human inherited diseases. Thus, the analysis of ABC transporter mRNA expression profiles for basic research, especially in the field of lipid metabolism, for(More)
BACKGROUND The CD14 receptor of monocytes is an important mediator for the activation of monocytes/macrophages by endotoxins from the envelope of Gram-negative bacteria (lipopolysaccharides). We identified a polymorphism in the CD14 receptor and examined whether this genetic marker influenced the expression of the CD14 receptor on monocytes and affected the(More)
The disease classification neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) comprises a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders characterized by brain iron deposits in the basal ganglia. For about half of the cases, the molecular basis is currently unknown. We used homozygosity mapping followed by(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Phase 1, phase 2, and cellular efflux transporters are critical components in intestinal barrier function against xenobiotics and bacteria. We therefore performed global gene expression profiling in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease as well as control specimens, with a special emphasis on genes involved in(More)