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CD163, also referred to as M130, a member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich family (SRCR) is exclusively expressed on cells of the monocyte lineage. In freshly isolated monocytes the CD14bright CD16+ monocyte subset revealed the highest expression of CD163 among all monocyte subsets. CD163 mRNA and protein expression is up-regulated during macrophage(More)
BACKGROUND ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are involved in many physiologic processes, such as lipid transport, sterol homeostasis, immune mechanisms, and drug transport, and cause various human inherited diseases. Thus, the analysis of ABC transporter mRNA expression profiles for basic research, especially in the field of lipid metabolism, for(More)
Thiazole orange (TO), a fluorescent dye originally synthesized for reticulocyte analysis, is characterized by a large fluorescence enhancement and high quantum yield on binding to nucleic acids, particularly RNA. In addition, the dye readily permeates live cell membranes. We applied TO staining, followed by fluorescence-activated flow cytometric analysis,(More)
It has been proposed in the past that adaptation to rotated visual feedback is based on directionally tuned modules. Here, we investigate whether adaptation depends on the number of modules that are concurrently activated. To disambiguate the number of modules and their spatial overlap, we decided to vary the number of target directions and their spacing(More)
BACKGROUND Human tumors differ from normal tissues in their capacity to present Hsp70, the major stress-inducible member of the HSP70 family, on their plasma membrane. Membrane Hsp70 has been found to serve as a prognostic indicator of overall patient survival in leukemia, lower rectal and non small cell lung carcinomas. Why tumors, but not normal cells,(More)
Vascular and metabolic diseases cause half of total mortality in Europe. New prognostic markers would provide a valuable tool to improve outcome. First evidence supports the usefulness of plasma lipid species as easily accessible markers for certain diseases. Here we analyzed association of plasma lipid species with mortality in the Ludwigshafen Risk and(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary lipids or pharmacologic modulation of lipid metabolism are potential therapeutic strategies in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Therefore, we analysed alterations of bioactive lipids in experimental models of colitis and examined the functional consequence of the second messenger ceramide in inflammatory pathways leading to tissue(More)
We recently reported a positive correlation of the pool size of lipopolysaccharide receptor (CD14)dim and Fc gamma receptor IIIa (CD16a)+ monocytes in peripheral blood to the apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) phenotype and a negative correlation to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1996;16:1437-1447). In this study,(More)
report summarizes the presentations of the main speakers and a selection of the remaining contributions in the various sections. Dr Hans A. Dresel (Boehringer Mannheim GmbH) opened the meeting with a state-of-the-art lecture entitled "New Strategies for the Discovery and Development of Antioxidant Compounds for Treatment of Atherosclerosis." He briefly(More)
Infiltration of monocytes into the arterial wall is an early cellular event in atherogenesis. Recent evidence shows that C-reactive protein (CRP) is deposited in the arterial intima at sites of atherogenesis. In this study, we demonstrate that CRP deposition precedes the appearance of monocytes in early atherosclerotic lesions. CRP is chemotactic for(More)