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BACKGROUND Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) are ubiquitous compounds with carcinogenic and teratogenic properties. They are chemically very stable and lipophilic and, therefore, accumulate in our food-chain. They are prenatally transmitted from mother to foetus, and mother's(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking during pregnancy can result in fetal exposure to carcinogens that are transferred from the mother via the placenta, but little information is available on fetal uptake of such compounds. We analyzed samples of the first urine from newborns whose mothers did or did not smoke cigarettes for the presence of metabolites of the(More)
The diagnosis and treatment of fetal and neonatal diseases requires knowledge of gestational age-dependent reference ranges for most laboratory values. It was the aim of the present study to establish reference values for serum iron, transferrin, ferritin and ceruloplasmin concentrations in premature neonates, thereby paying attention to the possible(More)
BACKGROUND Confidence in hexavalent vaccines has recently been shattered in Germany, after 5 infant deaths occurred shortly after such a vaccination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of hexavalent vaccines over a time period of 2 years. MATERIAL/METHODS With the written informed consent of the parents, we enrolled in the study all healthy(More)
The authors review their experience in detecting occult traumatic dural lesions. In a retrospective study covering the period from January 1, 1984 to December 31, 1996, 23 patients were evaluated for occult traumatic dural lesions. Clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up, and management of the dural lesions were analyzed.The clinical presentations of the(More)
Oxygen radical injury may be a common pathogenic mechanism in several neonatal diseases. The term "oxygen radical disease of prematurity" has been proposed in the face of the greater incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy in premature neonates. To test the hypothesis that overload with ionic iron due to decreased(More)
Angiofibromas are usually characterized by typical location with involvement of the posterior nasal cavity and nasopharynx. They are most commonly found in adolescent males. Despite these facts, a case of an angiofibroma presented in a 15-month-old boy at an atypical site anterior and medial to the lacrimal sac. The tumor was resected via an endonasal,(More)
Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH) activities are significantly elevated in asphyxiated newborns within the first days of life. The approach of the present study was to evaluate firstly if serum levels of these enzymes correlate with the development of hypoxic-ischemic(More)