Gerd Matheis

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In view of the recent findings that NO reacts with superoxide anion to generate hydroxyl radical, the present study was conducted to ascertain the role of endogenous NO in mediating myocardial reoxygenation injury in the hypoxic piglet on cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthetized piglets were made hypoxic (PaO2 = 20-30 mmHg) for up to 120 min, followed by(More)
The shortage of ideal donor hearts had led to an increasing number of would-be heart transplant recipients who die while on the waiting list. Therefore analogous to kidney and liver transplantation, an extension of the classical donor criteria became necessary, especially for high-urgency recipients. In a series of 121 orthotopic heart transplantations in(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to single-lung ventilation (SLV), positive-pressure CO2 insufflation is mandatory for totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Studies on the effects of unilateral CO2 insufflation on hemodynamics produced controversial results, and bilateral insufflation has not been studied to our knowledge. The present study sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Robotically enhanced telemanipulation is a new powerful tool for minimally invasive procedures that allows totally endoscopic cardiac surgery. Between June 1999 and February 2001, 45 robotically enhanced totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting procedures on the arrested heart were performed at our institution with the use of the da(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive surgical techniques in pediatric cardiac surgery have evolved throughout the last 10 years. Advantages of minimally invasive procedures include excellent cosmetic results and superior postoperative outcome. However, safety of minimally invasive techniques has to be proven. METHODS In 21 female infants and children, a right(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that the developing heart is susceptible to oxygen-mediated damage after reintroduction of molecular oxygen and that this "unintended" reoxygenation injury causes lipid peroxidation and functional depression that may contribute to perioperative cardiac dysfunction. Among 49 Duroc-Yorkshire piglets (2 to 3 weeks old, 3 to 5(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that reoxygenation injury is produced when cardiopulmonary bypass is initiated in immature hypoxemic piglets and that it causes cardiopulmonary dysfunction that can be avoided by intravenous metabolic treatment before and during cardiopulmonary bypass. Of 18 immature Yorkshire-Duroc piglets (aged < 3 weeks), six were(More)
BACKGROUND Genes encoding components of the renin-angiotensin system have been associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) and an increased risk of coronary artery disease. To explore the role of the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene in coronary atherosclerosis and thrombosis, we studied the effect of the AGT M235T gene variant on plasma AGT levels and BP in(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that reperfusion injury is the principal cause of limb loss after acute arterial occlusion and that this injury is avoidable. Of 61 isolated hindlimbs amputated at the level of the hip joint, 17 were controls (group I), 5 were perfused without ischemia to establish the validity of the model (group II), and 15 underwent 4(More)
We studied the haemodynamic effects of dopexamine hydrochloride, a beta 2-adrenergic agonist with dopaminergic (DA1) activity, in 20 patients with low cardiac output following surgery for coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valve replacement or repair. Following titration of four doses (1, 2, 4 and 6 micrograms.kg-1.min-1), the dose producing the optimal(More)