Gerd Matheis

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A primary cardiac malignancy is a very rare diagnosis. The most prevalent malignant cardiac tumors are angiosarcomas. Autopsy specimens, microscopic slides, clinical and intraoperative data from a 72-year-old woman referred to our hospital with a suspected mediastinal tumor were studied. The patient was diagnosed with primary cardiac angiosarcoma by(More)
During recovery from a posterolateral myocardial infarction, a 56 year old patient developed signs of deep vein thrombophlebitis and subsequently of pulmonary embolism. After conventional echocardiography showed masses in both atria, transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography clearly revealed an elongated mass overriding an atrial septal defect.(More)
In view of the recent findings that NO reacts with superoxide anion to generate hydroxyl radical, the present study was conducted to ascertain the role of endogenous NO in mediating myocardial reoxygenation injury in the hypoxic piglet on cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthetized piglets were made hypoxic (PaO2 = 20-30 mmHg) for up to 120 min, followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Robotically enhanced telemanipulation is a new powerful tool for minimally invasive procedures that allows totally endoscopic cardiac surgery. Between June 1999 and February 2001, 45 robotically enhanced totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting procedures on the arrested heart were performed at our institution with the use of the da(More)
Objective and design: The beneficial effects of leukocyte filtration on the outcome of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is probably due to the limitation of pathogenesis mediated by over-stimulated neutrophils. However, the influence of leukocyte filtration on the functional neutrophil activity has not been studied in detail. Therefore, by(More)
Previous studies show that (1) hypoxemia depletes immature myocardium of amino acid substrates and their replenishment improves ischemic tolerance, (2) reoxygenation on cardiopulmonary bypass causes oxygen-mediated damage without added ischemia, and (3) this damage may be related to the nitric oxide-L-arginine pathway that is affected by amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative blood loss, respiratory distress, and pain after coronary artery operation were assessed in a prospective, randomized, clinical study comparing two techniques of internal thoracic artery preparation. METHODS In group A (n = 57) the internal thoracic artery was dissected with the entire surrounding connective tissue after opening(More)
Minimally invasive multivessel revascularization is rarely performed due to the difficult exposure of the aorta as well as the complete coronary anatomy through a small thoracotomy. The Port-Access technique bears additional contraindications for this procedure, which limits its potential as compared with other approaches to 'less invasive surgery'. Our aim(More)
OBJECTIVE Complications associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have gained more attention due to increased interest in coronary artery bypass grafting without CPB. The impact of heparin coating of CPB circuits has been discussed controversially. The present study examines if the treatment of the oxygenator surface with a synthetic protein may serve as(More)
Port-Access cardiac surgery is a recent technology that is undergoing rapid development. The learning curve associated with this technique is a challenge even for the skilled and experienced cardiac surgeon. Mainly because of femoral cannulation, the use of guidewires, and working through small incisions, Port-Access cardiac surgery contains certain(More)