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During recovery from a posterolateral myocardial infarction, a 56 year old patient developed signs of deep vein thrombophlebitis and subsequently of pulmonary embolism. After conventional echocardiography showed masses in both atria, transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography clearly revealed an elongated mass overriding an atrial septal defect.(More)
BACKGROUND Robotically enhanced telemanipulation is a new powerful tool for minimally invasive procedures that allows totally endoscopic cardiac surgery. Between June 1999 and February 2001, 45 robotically enhanced totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting procedures on the arrested heart were performed at our institution with the use of the da(More)
Previous studies show that (1) hypoxemia depletes immature myocardium of amino acid substrates and their replenishment improves ischemic tolerance, (2) reoxygenation on cardiopulmonary bypass causes oxygen-mediated damage without added ischemia, and (3) this damage may be related to the nitric oxide-L-arginine pathway that is affected by amino acid(More)
OBJECTIVE Complications associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have gained more attention due to increased interest in coronary artery bypass grafting without CPB. The impact of heparin coating of CPB circuits has been discussed controversially. The present study examines if the treatment of the oxygenator surface with a synthetic protein may serve as(More)
Rejection after cardiac transplantation was monitored in nine patients by control of intramyocardial electrogram (IMEG) recordings transmitted by an implanted telemetric pacemaker. Under immunosuppression with cyclosporin A and prednisolone, 33 out of a total of 119 endomyocardial biopsy specimens showed moderate rejection (infiltrate with myocytolysis).(More)
In view of the recent findings that NO reacts with superoxide anion to generate hydroxyl radical, the present study was conducted to ascertain the role of endogenous NO in mediating myocardial reoxygenation injury in the hypoxic piglet on cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthetized piglets were made hypoxic (PaO2 = 20-30 mmHg) for up to 120 min, followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Genes encoding components of the renin-angiotensin system have been associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) and an increased risk of coronary artery disease. To explore the role of the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene in coronary atherosclerosis and thrombosis, we studied the effect of the AGT M235T gene variant on plasma AGT levels and BP in(More)
The development of new cardiopulmonary bypass technologies, special surgical instruments, as well as intrathoracic video systems facilitates mitral surgery via a small right thoracotomy. Since September 1996, 35 patients (17 male and 18 female) have undergone minimally invasive mitral valve surgery at our department. Mean age was 58±11 years. In 18 patients(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that nitric oxide, which is endothelial-derived relaxing factor, produces reoxygenation injury via the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway in hypoxemic immature hearts when they are placed on cardiopulmonary bypass. Twenty 3-week-old piglets undergoing 2 hours of hypoxemia (oxygen tension about 25 mm Hg) on a ventilator were(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to single-lung ventilation (SLV), positive-pressure CO2 insufflation is mandatory for totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Studies on the effects of unilateral CO2 insufflation on hemodynamics produced controversial results, and bilateral insufflation has not been studied to our knowledge. The present study sought to(More)