Gerd Kleefeld

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Using 5% ethanol as a deciliating agent, 20 mm colchicine to prevent reciliation and 1 mm amiloride to affect ion fluxes in Paramecium we examined the compartmentation and function of Ca2+ fluxes employing the biosynthesis of cGMP and the stereotypic swimming behavior as indicators for Ca2+ entry. As a function of extracellular Ca2+ Paramecia responded to(More)
Ca2+-regulated guanylate cyclase in ciliary membranes from Paramecium contained tightly bound calmodulin. Antisera against calmodulin from Tetrahymena and soybean inhibited enzyme activity. EGTA did not easily release calmodulin; however, La3+ inhibited guanylate cyclase by dissociation of calmodulin. While La could not replace Ca in the activation of(More)
In incubated slices of cerebral cortex from Sprague-Dawley rats, methoxamine and clonidine have no effect on basal levels of cyclic AMP. Methoxamine effectively inhibits the noradrenaline-stimulated formation of cyclic AMP. The inhibitory constant for methoxamine was 12.6 mumol/l. In the presence of 100 mumol/l adenosine, methoxamine does not inhibit the(More)
The effects of pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine compounds (7-desazapurines) on cAMP hydrolyzing, calmodulin dependent and calmodulin independent phosphodiesterase were studied. Phosphodiesterase inhibition depended on the chemical nature of substituents attached to the pyrrolo-pyrimidine-nucleus at positions 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. Among a total of 28 compounds tested,(More)
In guinea-pig cerebral cortical slices cyclic AMP concentrations increase during incubation with histamine+noradrenaline. After 10 min of incubation the levels of cyclic AMP start to decline. When calcium ions are omitted from the incubation medium, cyclic AMP levels do increase to a greater extent under the same conditions and do not drop during 30 min(More)